Opening Pandora's Box: A Sociological Analysis of Scientists' Discourse
CUP Archive, Feb 23, 1984 - Social Science - 202 pages
This book proposes a fresh approach to sociological analysis and, in particular, to the analysis of scientific culture. It moves away from previous studies, which have tended to focus on scientists' actions and beliefs to show that analysis of scientific discourse can be productive and revealing. The book demonstrates that scientists produce varying accounts of their actions and beliefs in different social situations. Rather than attempting to extract one coherent interpretation from these diverse accounts, the study identifies two basic scientific repertoires and shows how scientists use them to create their discourse. This provides a point of departure for more complex analytical topics. Discourse analysis is applied to show how different degrees of 'consensus' can be ascribed to the same group of scientists at a given moment in time through the application of standard interpretive techniques. Finally, discourse analysis is used to explore scientists' humour, a neglected topic that is shown to provide important insights into the normally hidden interpretive regularities which underlie the cultural diversity of science.
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A possible history of the field
Contexts of scientific discourse
Accounting for error
The truth will out
Constructing and deconstructing consensus
Working conceptual hallucinations
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accepted accounts of error action and belief appear asymmetrical accounting Barton basic biochemical biochemical phenomena biochemists bioenergetics Blissett chapter characterisation chemical intermediate chemiosmotic hypothesis chemiosmotic theory claims clearly construct context contingent repertoire Cookson correct belief depicted described detail diagram discourse analysis emphasised empiricist and contingent empiricist repertoire evidence example experimental experiments fact fictionalist field flagellum formal formal literature Gowan humour idea identified interpretative problems interpretative repertoires interviews involved joke Jonathan Potter kind laboratory means membrane mitochondria observations organised oxidative phosphorylation participants particular passage phenomena picture vn potential present produced proton gradient Pugh quotation realistic recognise reference research papers respiratory chain respondents scientific belief scientific consensus scientific discourse scientific views scientists sections seems sentence social action sociology of science speaker specific Spencer stoichiometry structure suggest theoretical things topic treated Trubshaw's dilemma TWOD variability verbal visual Wisbech