Part-time Employment: A Bridge Or a Trap?
This text looks at the issues surrounding part-time work. Using Britain as a case, both the supply side and the demand side of part-time employment are examined. The main issues addressed are: the determinant of employers' demand for part-time workers; the extent to which part-time workers differ from full-time workers in terms of their respective employment conditions; the long term effect of part-time work experience on the labour market fortunes of women; and the different explanations for participation in part-time work. By analyzing these four aspects, this study seeks to examine the ways in which two labour market theories (that which calls for a deregulated labour market and that which demands greater protection for part-time employees) help us understand part-time work and the labour market. It also attempts to draw out some of the policy implications of the findings.
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Figures and tables
Data and methods
1 Class distribution of SCELI and of the 1986 British
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analysis approach asked associated attitudes changes Chapter choice closely compared considered costs demand discussion distribution economic effect employed employers employment commitment establishments examined expect experience extent factors female findings firms flexible formal qualification four full-time full-time and part-time given greater groups higher household human capital husbands important included increase indicates individual industries involved labour market less long-hour lower major male manual means mobility noted occupational offer organization part-time employment part-time jobs part-time work experience part-time workers participation percentages position primary promotion proportion prospects question reasons recruitment respondents retail rewards role sample SCELI secondary sector segmentation segmentation theory shows significant situation skills specific structure studies suggested survey Table theory timers types union variable various wage women workforce working-hour status workplace