Partible Paternity and Anthropological Theory: The Construction of an Ethnographic Fantasy
Partible Paternity and Anthropological Theory discusses the conception 'partible paternity' within Amazonian Indian communities. 'Partible paternity' is the idea that several sexual acts are necessary to produce a fetus and that the mother may have these with several men, who in turn have several sexual partners as well. Victorian anthropologists viewed this situation as 'group marriage,' a hypothetical state in which individual marriage and the family did not exist and which, presumably, once characterized Western society. The notion of 'group marriage' was demolished by 1920, when it was shown that individual marriage and the family exist nearly everywhere. More recently, however, the idea has been resurrected by Stephen Beckerman and Paul Valentine in their book Cultures of Multiple Fathers. This book argues that Beckerman and Valentine are completely wrong—in Amazonia, the family exists everywhere, and the occasional trysts which result in shared paternity are subject to male sexual jealousy.
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Chapter 02 The Grand Claims of Beckerman and Valentine
Chapter 03 The Northwest Amazon Cases
Chapter 05 Evidence Re Focality in Kin Classification Simpliciter
Chapter 06 Evidence Re Focality in Kin Classification Stemming from Partible Paternity
Chapter 07 Evidence Re the Residential and Symbolic Isolation of the Sexually Bonded Pair and Dependent Offsprin
Chapter 08 Evidence Re Sexual Jealousy
Chapter 09 Evidence Re the Denigration of Women
Chapter 10 Miscellaneous Evidence
Chapter 11 Conclusion
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Ache Hill Àles Amazonia anthropology Apinayé Da Matta Araweté Viveiros Arnhem Land bapa Barí Beckerman and Valentine behavior bifurcate merging biological Bororo Brazilian rainforest Canela Cashinahua Chernela child couvade Crocker and Crocker culture Curripaco Darwinian Engels ethnographic evidence evolutionary psychology extramarital female fetus gender genitor group marriage Guajá Cormier 2003 Hill and Hurtado his/her Huaorani ibid ideology Kayapó kin categorization kin class kin classification kin terms kinship Kuikuru Kung lesser fathers Lounsbury lovers major father male sexual jealousy man’s Mehinaku Gregor men’s house mother mother’s husband nonfocal Northwest Amazon noted nuclear family one’s parents partible paternity Peluso and Boster personal communication Pinker Press primitivist relationship reported ritual Scheffler secondary fathers shaman Shapiro siblings South American spouse systems of kin Tapirapé Terence Turner third sex two-spirit University Valentine 2002b Valentine’s Viveiros Viveiros de Castro W.H. Crocker Wanano Warao Warao Heinen Wari Conklin 2001a Western woman women Yanomami Yanomami Peters 1998 Yukpa