People, Politics, Policies and Plans: The City Planning Process in Contemporary Britain

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SAGE, Apr 28, 1997 - City planning - 256 pages
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This is the first substantial book written from first-hand experience by a British planning practitioner, about what the planning process is actually like in a major British city. The city in this case is Manchester, for which authority Ted Kitchen worked from 1979 to 1996.

The book looks at how the elements in the making of planning decisions interact. Its primary purpose is to illuminate the complex workings of the planning process in the real world. As well as considering the basic tools of development plan-making and development control used by the planning process, the author looks at the actors - planning staff, elected members and the other main groups of customers of the planning service - and at the major fields of activity with which the planning process engages. These include the need to improve the economic base of the city; the problems of planning in the inner city; transportation issues; and attempts to move towards more sustainable urban policies and practices. Much of this material is controversial, and most of it is presented in case study format. The author deals fully with matters that show the interactions between the professional work of the planning staff and the operation of the political process.

The book shows how processes of urban regeneration were tackled during a period when the city of Manchester was experiencing a renaissance in many elements of its economic life. Many of these processes, such as the city s bids for the 1996 and 2000 Olympic Games, were high-profile activities which strengthened the city s image in the wider world. At the same time, the living circumstances of many people worsened, particularly in the inner city. Policy development struggled with this tension, as well as with others such as the challenge to the dominant economic regeneration model posed by the emerging issue of urban sustainability. The author turns an insider s eye on the processes of policymaking at work in this situation; and the planning service is shown grappling with a difficult policy agenda and a difficult political situation in a period of diminishing resources.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
The main actors
18
Working with elected members
39
Approaches to development planmaking
61
Approaches to development control
82
Manchesters economy
105
Transportation planning
170
Sustainability and Local Agenda 21
186
Some concluding remarks
207
Postscript
224
Index
236
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Page xv - I would also like to thank my colleagues in the Department of...
Page 232 - Department of Town and Country Planning, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 7RU, England...
Page 10 - One of the reasons why elected members have such an important part to play in the British planning system is that this widespread process of the exercise of discretion is very often ultimately a political act; it is about what values or aspirations or interests to emphasise, acting on behalf of the community as a whole.
Page 4 - We suspect that many other planners have been doing similar but more quiet work: resisting massive projects that threatened the public welfare, calling attention to public opportunities, seeking to inject high quality analysis into political decision processes. Unfortunately, though, many planners, and most of the public at large, never see much of...
Page xv - Currently a senior lecturer in the School of Urban and Regional Studies at Sheffield Hallam University...

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About the author (1997)

TED KITCHEN is Professor of Planning and Urban Regeneration, Sheffield Hallam University.

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