Policy, Office, Or Votes?: How Political Parties in Western Europe Make Hard Decisions

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Cambridge University Press, Aug 28, 1999 - Political Science - 319 pages
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Leaders of political parties often have to choose between conflicting objectives, such as influence on policy, control of the government, and support among the voters. This book examines the behavior of political parties in situations where they experience conflict between two or more important objectives. The volume contains a theoretical introduction and case studies of party leaders in Germany, Italy, France and Spain as well as six smaller European democracies. Each case focuses on the behavior of one of several parties in situations of goal conflict, such as the "historic compromise" in Italy, the 1982 Wende in West Germany, the making of the new Swedish constitution in the 1970s, and the termination of the Austrian "black-red" grand coalition.
 

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Contents

Political Parties and Hard Choices
1
Office Votes and Then Policy Hard Choices for Political Parties in the Republic of Ireland 19811992
36
Party Behaviour and the Formation of Minority Coalition Governments Danish Experiences from the 1970s and 1980s
63
From PolicySeeking to OfficeSeeking The Metamorphosis of the Spanish Socialist Workers Party
89
Changing Strategies The Dilemma of the Dutch Labour Party
112
Party Behavior in a Polarized System The Italian Communist Party and the Historic Compromise
141
Decision for Opposition The Austrian Socialist Partys Abandonment of Government Participation in 1966
172
Leadership Accountability and Bargaining Failure in Norway The Presthus Debacle
192
Winner Takes All The FDP in 19821983 Maximizing Votes Office and Policy?
216
Tradeoffs in Swedish Constitutional Design The Monarchy under Challenge
237
Parliamentary Rules and Party Behavior during Minority Government in France
258
Conclusions Party Behavior and Representative Democracy
279
Index
311
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