Psychological Issues in Adoption: Research and Practice

Front Cover
David Brodzinsky, Jesús Palacios (PhD.)
Greenwood Publishing Group, 2005 - Psychology - 324 pages


In this book, leading researchers spotlight how dramatically the practice of adoption has changed both in North America and Europe in recent decades due to, among other factors, a falling rate of domestically born infants being placed for adoption. This has resulted in a rise in international adoption, children of color being placed with Caucasian parents, increased foster care and special needs adoptions including children exposed to prenatal alcohol and drug use as well as maltreatment by birth parents. Also examined is the far more diverse group of adults being granted adoption rights, including single and homosexual parents. Research findings demonstrate the trend across countries toward open adoption, wherein the birth parents and adoptive parents meet to share information. As the editors note, there is no longer a typical adopted child or a typical adoptive family.

Paralleling these changes has been a growing interest in the study of adopted children and adoptive parents. Although earlier research showed adoptees more likely to experience school problems and psychological disorders, recent studies show the differences in these areas between adoptees and non-adoptees to be relatively small. Models guiding adoption research are beginning to emphasize resilience and positive adaptation, rather than risk and psychopathology. This handbook will be of interest to all involved with adoption policy and practice.

 

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Contents

Contemporary Adoption in the
1
Changing Attitudes of
27
Prenatal and Postnatal Risks to
47
Adverse Preadoption
67
Change and Continuity in
93
K
110
Beyond AdoptedNonadopted
117
Reconceptualizing Openness
145
The Construction of Adoptive
187
International Adoptions in
211
Chapter 11
233
Recent Changes and Future
257
Author Index
307
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About the author (2005)

David M. Brodzinsky is Professor of Developmental and Clinical Psychology at Rutgers University. He is also Director of the Rutgers Foster Care Counseling Program.

Jesús Palacios is Professor of Developmental Psychology at the University of Seville, Spain. He co-authored a pre-adoption training program for prospective adopters and a book for adoptive parents.

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