Research Interviewing: Context and Narrative
Interviews hold a prominent place among the various research methods in the social and behavioral sciences. This book presents a powerful critique of current views and techniques, and proposes a new approach to interviewing. At the heart of Elliot Mishler’s argument is the notion that an interview is a type of discourse, a speech event: it is a joint product, shaped and organized by asking and answering questions. This view may seem self-evident, yet it does not guide most interview research. In the mainstream tradition, the discourse is suppressed. Questions and answers are regarded as analogues to stimuli and responses rather than as forms of speech; questions and the interviewer’s behavior are standardized so that all respondents will receive the same “stimulus”; respondents’ social and personal contexts of meaning are ignored. While many researchers now recognize that context must be taken into account, the question of how to do so effectively has not been resolved. This important book illustrates how to implement practical alternatives to standard interviewing methods. Drawing on current work in sociolinguistics as well as on his own extensive experience conducting interviews, Mishler shows how interviews can be analyzed and interpreted as narrative accounts. He places interviewing in a sociocultural context and examines the effects on respondents of different types of interviewing practice. The respondents themselves, he believes, should be granted a more extensive role as participants and collaborators in the research process. The book is an elegant work of synthesis—clearly and persuasively written, and supported by concrete examples of both standard interviewing and alternative methods. It will be of interest to both scholars and clinicians in all the various fields for which the interview is an essential tool.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Research Interviews as Speech Events
The Joint Construction of Meaning
Language Meaning and Narrative Analysis
Meaning in Context and the Empowerment of Respondents
Prospects for Critical Research
Other editions - View all
action alternative analysis answers appear approach argues asked assumptions attention begin behavior central chapter clauses close coding coherence complex concerned constructed context continues course critical cultural definition depends detailed developed direct discourse discussion earlier effects efforts evaluative evident example experiences expressed findings focused functions further grounded human implications important intended inter interests interpretation interview issues knowledge Labov language later linguistic marriage meaning methods modes namely narrative nature noted observations particular possible practice presented problems procedures proposed questions refer reflects relations relationship relatively remains reports represent requires respondent's respondents role rules sense sequence serve significant situation social specific speech standard story structure subjects suggests survey systematic talk tell theory things tion topics tradition Transcript types understanding validity values various