Radical Construction Grammar: Syntactic Theory in Typological Perspective
Oxford University Press, 2001 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 416 pages
This book is based on the results of research in language typology, and motivated by the need for a theory to explain them. The essence of the approach is (a) that almost all aspects of grammatical structure are language specific, and (b) that language universals are to be found in conceptualstructure and in the mapping of conceptual structure on to linguistic form. It proposes intimate links between syntactic and semantic structures, and argues that the basic elements of any language are not syntactic but syntactic-semantic 'Gestalts'.Professor Croft puts forward a new approach to syntactic representation and a new model of how language and languages work. He covers a wide range of syntactic phenomena, illustrating these with examples that show the varied grammatical structures of the world's languages. The book will beaccessible all linguists at graduate level and beyond.
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nonreductionist syntactic theories
Parts of Speech
Syntactic Categories and Semantic Relativity
Clausal Syntactic Roles Grammatical Relations
PART Two FROM SYNTACTIC RELATIONs to SYMBolic RELATIONs
A Radical Approach to Syntactic Relations
Heads Arguments and Adjuncts
The Voice Continuum
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Adjective adpositions affix agreement analysis argue argument Auxiliary behavioral potential collocational dependencies complement complex sentences Comrie conceptual space constituent construction-specific coordinate Copula criteria criterion Croft cross-linguistic defined denoted deranked described distinct distribution patterns Dyirbal elements encode English ergative event example fact Figure figure—ground function grammaticalization headhood Hengeveld ibid inflections instantiation Intransitive Inverse K'iche Langacker Lango language-specific linguistic main clause markedness meaning morphemes morphological morphosyntactic nominal Noun Phrase object overt participant roles PIBU polysemy predication Preposition profile equivalent Pronoun property words prototype Quechua Radical Construction Grammar referent relative clauses represented semantic classes semantic map semantic relations semantic structure speaker speech split ergativity structions structural coding subcategorization frame Subject Construction Hierarchy subordinate clause suffix symbolic relations syntactic categories syntactic relations syntactic roles syntactic space syntactic structure syntactic theories syntax tion Transitive typological markedness Universal Grammar Upriver Halkomelem utterance Verb form voice constructions Wardaman Zwicky