Retelling the Torah: The Deuternonmistic Historian's Use of Tetrateuchal Narratives
The Deuteronomistic Historian patterned more than four dozen of his narratives after those in Genesis-Numbers. The stories that make up Genesis-Numbers were indelibly impressed on the Deuteronomistic Historian's mind, to such an extent that in Deuteronomy-Kings he tells the stories of the nation through the lens of Genesis-Numbers.
John Harvey discusses the eight criteria which may be used as evidence that the given stories in Deuteronomy-Kings were based on those in Genesis-Numbers. Unified accounts in the Deuteronomistic History, for instance, often share striking parallels with two or more redactional layers of their corresponding accounts in Genesis-Numbers, showing that the given accounts in the Deuteronomistic History were written after the corresponding accounts in Genesis-Numbers had been written. Furthermore, the Deuteronomistic Historian calls the reader's attention to accounts in Genesis-Numbers by explicitly citing and referring to them, by using personal names, and by drawing thematic and verbal parallels. Retelling the Torah, the first book to focus on these parallel narratives, contains far-reaching implications for Hebrew Bible scholarship.
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Aaron Abihu Abraham account in Deuteronomy account in Numbers Amnon argued ark narrative assumed knowledge Balaam Biblical Caleb Canaan Chapter circumcision command concerns conclusion conquest corresponding Tetrateuchal accounts criterion Danites daughter David deliverance Deut Deuteronomy 1—3 direction of dependence Dtr based Dtr drew Dtr patterned Dtr’s Dtr’s Torah DtrH Edom Egypt Egyptians Elijah Esau Exod Exodus Exodus story fathers ﬁnal ﬁnds ﬁre ﬁrst ﬂed Former Prophets fulﬁlled Genesis Genesis 18 Gideon given Tetrateuchal accounts Hadad incongruity instances Isaac Israel Israelites Jacob Jeroboam Josh Joshua Judges 19 king Laban Laish layer Levite LORD LORD’s messengers Moab Moses Nabal Nadab Numbers Numbers 13 parallel narratives parallels shared people’s Pharaoh Philistines Phinehas plagues narrative proposed direction Rahab rape reference Rehoboam rejection sacriﬁce Samuel 25 Saul Saul’s schemata Seters share parallels Shechem signiﬁcance Sihon similarly Sodom Solomon speciﬁcally spies Tamar Tetrateuchal accounts texts Torah traditions Transjordan verbal parallels Whereas wilderness