Roman Military Signalling
The ingenuity and technology of the ancient world never ceases to surprise and signalling demonstrates both to the full. There has, however, never been a study of Roman signalling in English, nor has anyone previously tried to operate the techniques described in the classical manual.Dr Woolliscroft's study is in two parts: first he describes the signalling techniques pioneered by the Greeks and developed by the Romans; then he looks at the application of these principles to Hadrian's Wall and to the German Limes, as revealed by archaeological research. In each case he finds that, despite difficult terrain, the layout allows nearly all the small observation posts to see, and thus signal to, one of the main garrison forts. Since on occasion this caused marked tactical weaknesses in the line, it is clear that signalling was given high priority by the frontier designers. Similar results are now being found elsewhere in the Roman world, suggesting that all Rome's very different looking frontier systems may have an underlying uniformityWith 80 illustrations and complete with an Appendix containing all the key classical references to signalling, this is a study that will be indispensable for anyone seriously interested in the Roman army or in frontier studies.
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List of illustrations
Ancient signalling techniques
Hadrians Wall and the Stanegate
6 other sections not shown
allowed ancient appear Appendix army Arnsburg Assumed Baatz Barcombe Barron's Pike beacon Bellhouse Bewcastle Birdoswald Bobingen built Cardurnock Carvoran Castle Castlesteads Church Brampton coastal communications defences dioptra east Echzell enemy example excavation fire signals fortlet forts frontier design frontier line further Gillalees ground Hadrian's Wall Haltwhistle Haltwhistle Burn Housesteads Inheiden inter-fort intervisible Kirkbride Kleinkastelle known later least light Limes line installations Lorch Maiden Castle Markobel Maryport means messages milecastles military minor installations modern Nether Denton Newbrough northern Wetterau Old Church Brampton operating outpost Polyaenus Polybius position possible probably range reconstruction relay Risingham road Roman frontier Roman mile Roman tower scale seen side sight signal tower signalling links signalling system simply southern zone Stanegate stretch study sector tactical terrain torch transmit valley Vindolanda visible Wall installation Wall's watchtowers water clocks Welzheim Wetterau Wetterau loop Wetterau zone whilst Woolliscroft