Scaling Urban Environmental Challenges: From Local to Global and Back

Front Cover
Think globally, act locally emphasizes the importance of scale in dealing with environmental challenges, but not how to factor it in. This major new book focuses on the spatial dimensions of urban environmental burdens, showing how important it is to take these into account when pursuing environmental justice and good governance - whether in the context of the sanitary risks of slum living, the pollution of uncontrolled industrialization and motorization, or the enormous ecological footprints of affluent urban lifestyles.Written by leading experts in the fields of urban development and environmental planning, the book reviews the urban environmental shifts that have shaped today s challenges, and examines conditions and problems in the urban centres of low-, middle- and high-income countries. Case studies address such economically diverse cities as Accra, New Delhi, Mexico City and Manchester, while thematic chapters explore issues including water, sanitation and transportation. The book concludes by exploring and analysing different scales of governance. The editors argue that we should not rely solely on local governance to address local burdens like poor sanitation, nor depend only on global governance for global challenges such as greenhouse gas emissions, but that scale is crucial in both understanding the problems and devising successful responses.Published with UNU-IAS and IIED.
 

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Contents

Chapter 1 Scaling the Urban Environmental Challenge
1
Chapter 2 Urban Transitions and the Spatial Displacement of Environmental Burdens
18
The Experiences of Rapidly Developing AsiaPacific Cities
45
Chapter 4 In Pursuit of a Healthy Urban Environment in Low and Middleincome Nations
69
Health Access and Boundaries
106
The Case of the Greater Accra Metropolitan Area GAMA Ghana
132
An Analysis of Socioeconomic Segmentation and Differentiation in Microenvironments
156
Chapter 8 Motorization in Rapidly Developing Cities
179
Chapter 9 A Comparative Perspective on Urban Transport and Emerging Environmental Problems in Middleincome Cities
206
Chapter 10 Fixing Environmental Agendas in Mexico
235
Chapter 11 In Pursuit of the Sustainable City
274
Notes from the Greater Manchester Cityregion
291
Preserving Public Interest in the Evolving Urban World
331
Index
355
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About the author (2012)

Peter J. Marcotullio is a Research Fellow at the UNU-IAS, Japan. Gordon McGranahan is Director of the Human Settlements Programme at IIED, UK co-author of The Citizens at Risk: From Urban Sanitation to Sustainable Cities (2001) and co-editor of Air Pollution and Health in Rapidly Developing Countries (2003)..