Semantic Theories in Europe, 1830 1930: From etymology to contextuality
It is widely believed by historians of linguistics that the 19th-century was largely devoted to historical and comparative studies, with the main emphasis on the discovery of soundlaws. Syntax is typically portrayed as a mere sideline of these studies, while semantics is seldom even mentioned. If it comes into view at all, it is usually assumed to have been confined to diachronic lexical semantics and the construction of some (mostly ill-conceived) typologies of semantic change. This book aims to destroy some of these prejudices and to show that in Europe semantics was an important, although controversial, area at that time. Synchronic mechanisms of semantic change were discovered and increasing attention was paid to the context of the sentence, to the speech situation and the users of the language. From being a semantics of transformations', a child of the biological-geological paradigm of historical linguistics with its close links to etymology and lexicography, the field matured into a semantics of comprehension and communication, set within a general linguistics and closely related to the emerging fields of psychology and sociology.
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Semantic Theories in Europe, 1830-1930: From Etymology to Contextuality
Limited preview - 1992
19th century apperception association Bally Bedeu Bedeutung Bedeutungslehre Bedeutungswandel Bréal c’est called causes of semantic Charles Bally Chavée classification conception context Darmesteter Darmesteter’s Delesalle diachronic ellipsis English Erdmann etymology evolution example expression ﬁir française France function Gardiner Gaston Paris German semasiology grammar guage Haase Hecht Heerdegen history of semantics ideas important inﬂuence Knobloch Lady Welby language change langue laws Lazarus Leipzig lexicography linguistic linguistique Littré logical meaning of words Meillet metaphor metonymy Michel Bréal mind mots neo-grammarians Nerlich Oertel Ogden and Richards origin of language Paris Paul Paul’s Paulhan philology philosophical phonetic polysemy psychological Reisig representation Review Revue Roudet Saussure Sayce semantic change semanticists sémantique sens sense sentence signifies signs Smart social speech Sperber Sprache Steinthal Stocklein study of semantic stylistics Svedelius synchronic synecdoche syntax term theory thought tion tradition types of semantic Vendryes Wegener Wellander Whitney word-meaning Wort Wundt