Open University Press, 1999 - Social Science - 158 pages
Social exclusion is the buzz phrase for the complex range of social problems which derive from the substantial increase in social inequality in Western societies. This volume examines these problems in societies where manufacturing industry is no longer the main basis for employment and the universal welfare states established after World War II are under attack. It reviews theories of social exclusion, including the Christian democratic and social democratic assertions of solidarity with which the term originated, Marxist accounts of the recreation of the reserve army of labour, and neo-liberal assertions of the sovereignty of the market in which the blame for exclusion is assigned to the excluded themselves.
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blaming the poor
Marxist approaches to exclusion
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absolutely actual approach argue argument assertion attractor basis benefit Byrne capitalist cent chaos/complexity Chapter character cities citizenship classical liberal collectivist communitarianism conception condition consider considerable contemporary corporatist course crucial cultural culture of poverty deindustrialization described differentiation discussion dispossessed doctrine dominant dynamics economic effects employment ethnic European examine exploitation flexible Fordist gender global households idea important income distribution inequality inherent interests Keynesian labour market Leisering and Walker liberal lives macro Marxist mobility negative liberty neo-conservative notion organicism organization original perspectives Poland poor position possessive individualism Post-Fordism post-Fordist post-industrial capitalism poverty production programme regulation theory relation relative reserve army role sector segregation significance single parents social atoms social exclusion social order social policies society socio-spatial systems solidarity space spatial structure studies surplus value tion trade unions trajectories transformation underclass urban welfare workers
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