Soviet Defense Spending: A History of CIA Estimates, 1950-1990

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Texas A&M University Press, 1998 - Political Science - 291 pages
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During the Cold War, when the United States' intelligence efforts were focused on the Soviet Union, one of the primary tasks of the Central Intelligence Agency was to estimate Soviet defense spending. Because this information was used for planning by the U.S. military, the executive branch, and Congress, the CIA's estimates were usually right in the middle of one of the biggest and most enduring political battles in Washington--the annual struggle over the size of the U.S. defense budget.

Despite this central role the CIA estimates played in governmental and public debate throughout the decades of the Cold War, the need to protect sensitive intelligence sources and methods meant that only summary information about them could be made public. With the breakup of the Soviet Union, that need for sensitivity has greatly diminished, and for the first time, a thorough, unclassified presentation of CIA estimates of Soviet defense spending from those years has been made.

In Soviet Defense Spending: A History of CIA Estimates, 1950-1990, Noel E. Firth and James H. Noren, who spent much of their long CIA careers estimating and studying Soviet defense spending, provide a closer look at those estimates and consider how and why they were made. In the process, the authors chronicle the development of a significant intelligence analytic capability. Firth and Noren also explain what the CIA has learned, since the collapse of the Soviet Union, about the USSR's actual military spending during the Cold War.

For historians and political scientists interested in the Cold War, U.S.-Soviet relations, the politics of defense spending, and the history of U.S. intelligence and estimation of Soviet forces, Soviet Defense Spending will be a valuable and enlightening explanation of a crucial part of the U.S. intelligence system. Students of Soviet economic and political history will find it useful as an overview of Soviet military development and as an informative slice of the history of U.S.-Soviet relations.

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Getting Started 195060
New Questions New Techniques and New Evidence 196174
The Estimates 197590 Substantial Progress and Managerial Doubts
The Spending Estimates
The Critics
The Defense Spending Estimates in Perspective
Costing Improvements 197590
The Index Number Problem and Defense Programs Some Considerations

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Page 274 - Soviet Strategic Force Developments, testimony before a joint session of the Subcommittee on Strategic and Theater Nuclear Forces of the Senate Armed Services Committee and the Defense Subcommittee of the Senate Committee on Appropriations, June 26, 1985, by Robert M.
Page 273 - Defense Conversion, Economic Reform, and the Outlook for the Russian and Ukrainian Economies, ed.
Page 5 - Central Intelligence Agency: Review of the World Situation as it relates to the Security of the United States, 26.

About the author (1998)

Noel E. Firth spent the first nineteen years of his thirty-one-year career with the CIA working directly on the development of estimates of Soviet defense spending.James H. Noren spent almost his entire thirty-two-year career with the CIA conducting research on and analyzing the Soviet economy.