Subcortical Functions in Language and Memory
This volume is the first single-authored volume devoted to understanding how deep brain structures participate in language and memory. Addressing a relatively new area of research, the book is unique in two ways. First, it comprehensively covers both language and memory not only with extensive literature reviews, but also with examinations of the anatomy of the structures involved and discussions of theory in light of empirical data. Second, the book takes a systems approach to the topics. In order to produce and understand language or to record and retrieve memories, different parts of the brain must operate as integrated systems. As subcortical structures are parts of these systems, this book endeavors to understand how these phylogenetically older structures contribute to systems responsible for communication and mnestic functions. Designed to facilitate this end, each of the book's sections follows a neuroanatomy-empirical data-theory format.
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Subcortical Neuroanatomy and Language
The Basal Ganglia and Subcortical White Matter
The Thalamus in Language
Theories of Subcortical Functions in Language
Subcortical Neuroanatomy and Memory
alcoholic Korsakoff's patients alcoholic Korsakoff's syndrome amygdala artery basal forebrain basal ganglia Butters Carpenter & Sutin caudate head caudate nucleus cingulate cognitive controls cortical Cramon Crosson damage demonstrated diencephalic amnesia dominant thalamic dorsal medial nucleus dorsal medial thalamus dysfunction encoding fibers fornix frontal lobe globus pallidus Graff-Radford hippocampus Huntington's disease Huntington's patients impaired input internal capsule intralaminar nuclei involved in language Korsakoff's subjects language cortex learning long-term memory loop mammillary bodies mammillothalamic tract memory deficits memory processes motor neurons nonfluent normal Ojemann output paraphasias Parkinson's disease Parkinson's patients pars patients with alcoholic performance portion posterior proactive interference projections pulvinar putamen recall recognition retrieval deficit role semantic short-term memory Squire stimulation striatal striatum studies subcortical structures substantia nigra suggested symptoms tasks temporal lobe thalamic aphasia thalamic hemorrhage thalamic infarction thalamic lesion thalamic nuclei vascular lesion ventral anterior nucleus ventral lateral nucleus Wallesch white matter words
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