Surface Architecture

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MIT Press, 2005 - Architecture - 264 pages
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A study of the building surface, architecture's primary instrument of identity and engagement with its surroundings.

Visually, many contemporary buildings either reflect their systems of production or recollect earlier styles and motifs. This division between production and representation is in some ways an extension of that between modernity and tradition. In this book, David Leatherbarrow and Mohsen Mostafavi explore ways that design can take advantage of production methods such that architecture is neither independent of nor dominated by technology. Leatherbarrow and Mostafavi begin with the theoretical and practical isolation of the building surface as the subject of architectural design. The autonomy of the surface, the "free facade," presumes a distinction between the structural and nonstructural elements of the building, between the frame and the cladding. Once the skin of the building became independent of its structure, it could just as well hang like a curtain, or like clothing. The focus of the relationship between structure and skin is the architectural surface. In tracing the handling of this surface, the authors examine both contemporary buildings and those of the recent past. Architects discussed include Albert Kahn, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Alison and Peter Smithson, Alejandro de la Sota, Robert Venturi, Jacques Herzog, and Pierre de Meuron. The properties of a building's surface -- whether it is made of concrete, metal, glass, or other materials -- are not merely superficial; they construct the spatial effects by which architecture communicates. Through its surfaces a building declares both its autonomy and its participation in its surroundings.

 

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Contents

WHY SURFACE
3
FRAMING CONTAINMENT
9
WINDOWWALL
39
VIEWING THE LANDSCAPE
46
THE OBLIQUE
54
TAKING STOCK 6 I
61
CLADDING AS CLOTHING
68
THE APPEARANCE OF COVERING
79
ADJUSTING STANDARDS
131
PREFABRICATION AND PERSONALITY
141
FABRICATION PROCESSES I 57
157
APRON I
165
FACTS OF BUILDING AND OF LIFE
171
INVENTION AND LIMITED MEANS
178
CHANCE CONSTRUCTION
185
FORMLESSNESS
194

MASKING AND REVEALING
87
TATTOO
95
PLANARITY AND SURFACE IMPRESSIONS I
104
AESTHETICS IN AN INDUSTRIAL AGE I
113
25
125
DISTRACTION
201
REPRESENTATION
209
201
241
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About the author (2005)

Seth Bullock is founder and head of the Science and Engineering of Natural Systems (SENSe) Research Group at the University of Southampton. He is also Director of Southampton's new Institute for Complex Systems Simulation (ICSS).

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