Sweetening "bitter Sugar": Jock Campbell, the Booker Reformer in British Guiana, 1934-1966
This book is about Jock Campbell's role in the shaping of British Guiana (Guyana) towards the end of Empire. Campbell, the head of the Booker Company which owned most of the sugar plantations in colonial Guyana was a reformer whose Fabian socialist beliefs drove him to secure major benefits for sugar workers in the 1950s?'60s.
Clem Seecharan explores the fascinating interplay between Campbell's programme of reforms and the doctrinaire Marxism of Guyana's charismatic politician, Cheddi Jagan. Fed by his notion of 'bitter sugar' and an unrelenting hostility to Booker, Jagan exploited the loyalty of Indian sugar workers to foment instability on the plantations and thus undermined Campbell's mission to alleviate the colony's bitter plantation legacy.
Seecharan provides a rigorous analysis of Campbell - a complex, progressive contradictory and passionate man - and his work in turbulent British Guiana, marked by nationalist stirrings, mobilisation doe decolonisation, the fragmenting of Jagan's nationalist coalition and descent into racial hatred and violence.
Sweetening Bitter Sugar is part biography, part history and politics. It also encompasses ethnicity, trade unionism, agricultural and technological innovation and health, housing and social welfare reforms. It is an outstanding, elegantly written study in modern Caribbean historiography.
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Prologue From Cheddi Jagans Bitter Sugar 1953
Jock Campbells Antecedents
The Impact of the Other
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African American argued August became become believe better Booker British Guiana British West Indies Burnham Campbell's cane capital cause cent chairman Cheddi Jagan Colonial Office colony Commission communist constitution continued Demerara early East economic elections explained fact factory February felt field force Georgetown Giglioli give going Group Guyanese housing Ibid important improve increased independence Indian interests interview issue Jock Campbell July June Labour land late later leader living London malaria March Marxist means meeting MPCA never November observed October Office organisation party plantations political position possible President problem producers profits progress racial recognition reforms Report responsibility scheme September social Statement strike sugar estates sugar industry sugar workers things told tons trade union wages wanted welfare West Indies women