Teaching the Spoken Language, Volume 2
Teaching the Spoken Language is about teaching the spoken language. It presents in a highly accessible form the results of the author's important research on teaching and assessing effective spoken communication. The authors examine the nature of spoken language and how it differs from written language both in form and purpose. A large part of it is concerned with principles and techniques for teaching spoken production and listening comprehension. An important chapter deals with how to assess spoken language. The principles and techniques described apply to the teaching of English as a foreign and second language, and are also highly relevant to the teaching of the mother tongue.
ability able appropriate asked assume basis Blackford Hill British English centimetres chunks communicative stress context correct course culture deictic expressions described detail diagram difficulty discourse discussion elicitation English language example exercise expectations experience expressions extract foreign language foreign learner forms George Watson's College going Grassmarket hear identify illustrate instructions interpret language interpretation involved Language Teaching listening comprehension long turn mental model native listener native speakers needs normal noun phrases object organised participants particular performance primarily interactional primarily transactional problem produce pronunciation question reasonable relationships relevant required information road Roy Jenkins scoring matrix scoring procedures sentences sequence short turns simple situation sort speakers of English speaking speech spoken language spoken production stereotypes story story-telling strategies structure student suggest talk tape task types teacher topic transactional language transcript type of task understand utterance vocabulary woman written language