The Age of Rights
This text explores the principal issues and developments, both in international human rights and in rights in the United States, and then compares the concepts and conditions of rights in various parts of the world. It pays particular attention to the role of US foreign policy.
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accepted action adhered agreement aliens Amendment American apply authority autonomy basic benefits Bill of Rights Charter citizens Civil and Political claims commitment conception concern condition Congress Constitution continue contract Convention countries Court Covenant create Cultural deny domestic jurisdiction duties economic effect enforce enjoy equality essay essentially established example fact federal force foreign forms freedom give idea of rights implied important Independence individual rights institutions interest international human rights international law intervention judicial justice later least liberty limitations matter ment moral natural needs obligations official organizations participants particular parties perhaps persons political Political Rights present principles protection recognized reflected relations religion remains remedies resistance respect responsibility social social compact socialist society standards suggest surely theory tion undertakings United Nations Universal Universal Declaration values violations welfare
Page 218 - The government of the Union, then, (whatever may be the influence of this fact on the case,) is, emphatically and truly, a government of the people. In form and in substance it emanates from them. Its powers are granted by them, and are to be exercised directly on them, and for their benefit.
Page 215 - In particular, an essential distinction should be drawn between the obligations of a State towards the international community as a whole, and those arising vis-a-vis another State in the field of diplomatic protection. By their very nature the former are the concern of all States. In view of the importance of the rights involved, all States can be held to have a legal interest in their protection; they are obligations erga omnes.
Page 216 - To refrain from any act of economic coercion designed to subordinate to their own interest the exercise by another participating State of the rights inherent in its sovereignty and thus to secure advantages of any kind.
Page 218 - Although that preamble indicates the general purposes for which the people ordained and established the Constitution, it has never been regarded as the source of any substantive power conferred on the government of the United States, or on any of its departments.
Page 215 - Such obligations derive, for example, in contemporary international law, from the outlawing of acts of aggression,, and of genocide, as also from the principles and rules concerning the basic rights of the human person, including protection from slavery and racial discrimination...
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International Ethics: Concepts, Theories, and Cases in Global Politics
Mark R. Amstutz
Limited preview - 2008