The Chromatic Fourth During Four Centuries of Music
The "Chromatic Fourth" is a musical pattern of six notes moving by step up or down the scale. In this essentially practical study Peter Williams draws on his extensive knowledge of the music of four centuries to investigate and analyze over 200 examples taken from composers ranging from Bach to Bart�k, and from Schubert to Shostakovich.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Affekt allusion already appears associated Bach's bars bass become Beethoven beginning Cantata century Chaconne chorale chro chromatic fourth chromaticism clear close common composers conventional counterpoint countersubject D minor descending dominant earlier early effect examples expressive F minor falling familiar fantasias figure final flat formula fugue give harmony heard idea Italian Italy J. S. Bach keyboard kind lament later least less looks major Mass matic fourth means melody moments motif move movement Mozart notes opening opera organ original paraphrased particular passage perhaps period phrase Piano piece played produce Quartet reference repeated rhetoric rising rising chromatic scale seems semitones similar simple slow Sonata song step string suggest Suite Symphony tetrachord theme things tonic traditional usually variations various Violin Concerto voices