The Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb
One of the most controversial issues absorbing America today: Was it necessary to drop the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki? Fifty years after the fateful summer of 1945, we are still debating Harry Truman's decision. Now, in an exhaustive, thoroughly documented study of the events of that time, Gar Alperovitz makes plain why the United States did not need to deploy the bomb, how Truman was advised of alternatives to it by nearly every civilian and military adviser, and how his final decision was later justified by what amounted to a deception - the claim that the action saved half a million to a million American soldiers who might otherwise have died in an invasion.
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General Efforts to End the War
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advisers Air Force American April atomic bomb attack August Byrnes cable Chiefs of Staff Churchill cited material Conant concerning decision diplomatic discussion documents draft Eisenhower Emperor Entry evidence fact Feis Papers Ferrell FRUS Grew H-B Files Harriman Harry Herbert Feis Hiroshima HSTL Ibid important intercepted Interim Committee interview invasion issue Japan Japanese Joint Chiefs July 16 July 24 June June 18 leaders Leahy Manhattan Project Marshall McCloy McGeorge Bundy meeting memoirs memorandum military Moscow Nagasaki Navy noted officials Oral History Pacific Pacific War peace political possible Pots Potsdam Conference Potsdam Proclamation president's question record Red Army Roosevelt Russians Secretary September Soviet Union Spaatz Stalin statement Stimson Diary Stimson Papers suggested surrender formula Szilard target tion told Top Secret unconditional surrender United urged warning Washington weapon White House World Yalta York