The Emperor Julian: Panegyric and Polemic
Liverpool University Press, 1989 - Religion - 146 pages
The Emperor Julian is one of the most controversial and fascinating figures in Roman history. Adored by pagan intellectuals and vilified by Christian writers because of his attempt to restore paganism as a state religion, he was the focus of both panegyric and polemic. A critical study of these biased sources is essential for the understanding of his reign.
The present collection makes available in English the panegyric of Claudius Mamertinus (Panegyrici Latini XI/3), a substantial part of the treatise of John Chrysostom on St. Babylas and against Julian (de S. Babyla c. Julianum et gentiles XIV-XIX), which includes Libanius's monody on the Temple of Apollo at Daphne (Oration LX), and Ephrem Syrus's Hymns Against Julian, translated from the Latin, Greek, and Syriac respectively. Each text covers an important period of the reign of Julian--his rise to power, his stay at Antioch, and his ill-fated Persian campaign.