The Endangered Sex: Neglect of Female Children in Rural North India
The preponderance of males over females in the population of India has been a subject of concern and controversy since the late eighteenth century. This book addresses the fact of, and the reasons for, unbalanced sex ratios among children in present-day rural India and considers some of the cultural links between the present and the past. Barbara Miller examines sex ratios throughout the world to explore how culture affects these ratios, specially among juveniles, and then focuses on India to demonstrate how the practice of female infanticide has altered the proportions of the sexes. A regional and social pattern of infanticide is then uncovered to show that this practice is most prevalent in north-west India and among the higher castes there. The book illustrates the powerful relationship between culture and mortality. Culture often plays an important role in determining those targeted for death; in this case the target group is north Indian girls.
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A Note on Indian Names and Technical Terms
Nature Culture and the Proportions of the Sexes
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according analysis areas birth boys Brahmans bride's bridewealth castes Census child compared concerning considered costs cultivation cultural daughters death differences discrimination disparity District dowry economic effect equal especially evidence examined example expenses explanation fact factors female infanticide female labor participation fertility fields Figure girls give given greater groom's higher important increased indicate infant involved juvenile sex ratios Kerala later less lower major males marriage marriage payments mortality mother neglect North northern Northwest notes nutrition pattern percent population possible practice Pradesh preference presented problem production propertied groups proportion Provinces Punjab question Rajputs range rates ratio at birth regional reports result rice roles rural India side situation social societies sons South southern status Table throughout tion University unpropertied upper variation Village women