The Eurocentric Conception of World Politics: Western International Theory, 1760-2010
John Hobson claims that throughout its history most international theory has been embedded within various forms of Eurocentrism. Rather than producing value-free and universalist theories of inter-state relations, international theory instead provides provincial analyses that celebrate and defend Western civilization as the subject of, and ideal normative referent in, world politics. Hobson also provides a sympathetic critique of Edward Said's conceptions of Eurocentrism and Orientalism, revealing how Eurocentrism takes different forms, which can be imperialist or anti-imperialist, and showing how these have played out in international theory since 1760. The book thus speaks to scholars of international relations and also to all those interested in understanding Eurocentrism in the disciplines of political science/political theory, political economy/international political economy, geography, cultural and literary studies, sociology and, not least, anthropology.
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constructing Eurocentrism and international theory as Eurocentric construct
PART I 17601914 Manifest Eurocentrism and scientic racism in international theory
PART I I 19141945 The high tide of manifest Eurocentrism and the climax of scientific racism
PART I I I 19451989 Subliminal Eurocentrism in international theory
PART IV 19892010 Back to the future of manifest Eurocentrism in mainstream international theory
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Alfred Mahan American anarchy anti-imperialism anti-imperialist anti-paternalist Eurocentric argues argument asserts barbarians Benjamin Kidd British capitalism capitalist chapter Charles Henry Pearson Charles Pearson civilizational civilizing mission claim Cobden colonial conception of world constituted constructed critical critique cultural defensive racism despotic discourse discussion East Eastern agency Eastern societies empire Eurocentric institutionalism Europe European Gilpin global Gramscianism hegemonic hegemonic stability theory hierarchy Hitler Hobson Huntington imperialist institutions international society international theory Kant Kant’s Keohane Kidd liberal Lothrop Stoddard Mackinder Mahan Marx Marx’s metanarratives miscegenation Moreover Muthu neo-imperial neoliberal neorealist nevertheless nineteenth century non-Eurocentric non-European non-Western non-white norms offensive paternalist Eurocentrism Pearson problem racist racist-realism racist-realists Rawls realism savage scientific racism self-determination Smith social social Darwinian social Darwinism Spencer standard of civilization Stoddard subliminal Eurocentrism thereby thinkers Third World turn underpinned Waltz West Western civilization Western-liberalism Western-realism white race white racial Wilson world politics