The Fall of the Roman Household
Edward Gibbon laid the fall of the Roman Empire at Christianity's door, suggesting that 'pusillanimous youth preferred the penance of the monastic to the dangers of a military life ... whole legions were buried in these religious sanctuaries'. This surprising study suggests that, far from seeing Christianity as the cause of the fall of the Roman Empire, we should understand the Christianisation of the household as a central Roman survival strategy. By establishing new 'ground rules' for marriage and family life, the Roman Christians of the last century of the Western empire found a way to re-invent the Roman family as a social institution to weather the political, military, and social upheaval of two centuries of invasion and civil war. In doing so, these men and women - both clergy and lay - found themselves changing both what it meant to be Roman, and what it meant to be Christian.
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Ad Gregoriam addressed ancient aristocratic Arjava Arnaldo Momigliano Arnobius ascetic asceticism Augustine Augustine’s authority battle bishop Bobbio Boethius Cambridge Cassiodorus castitas Chapter Christ Christian Church Claudiam Commodianus CSEL daughter discussion divorce domina domus eŽlite Early Christian early sixth century Ecdicia emperor endurance enemy enim Epistula ethics Eugippius Evans Grubbs exemplum faith father Ferrandus fifth fourth century Fulgentius Genovefa God’s Gregoriam in palatio holy honour household husband imperial Italy John Chrysostom Judgement Kate Cooper laity landowners Late Antiquity late Roman Latin letter literary literature Lord married martyrs medieval metaphor miles Christi monastic moral offer Ostrogothic Oxford pagan paterfamilias patientia Pelagian Pelagius Proba Prudentius Psychomachia quae quod reader Reginus rich role Roman Empire Roman law Roman marriage Rome Saint Saller senatorial sexual slaves social soul spiritual Tertullian theme tradition treatise vices virgin virtue Vita wife woman women writers