The Fertilizer Industry

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Elsevier Science & Technology, 2001 - Technology & Engineering - 232 pages
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In the urbanized rich countries of the world, fertilizer is often seen either as a smelly problem that can ruin a visit to the countryside or as a dangerous chemical best avoided. However, the annual world trade in fertilizers in the mid-1990s amounted to approximately 120 million tonnes representing some 8% of all sea-borne bulk trade. The international fertilizer trade is a very big business, ranking fourth after iron, coal and grain by value. In this new study, Murray Park explains the reasons for the importance of the fertilizer trade and describes the commercial arrangements underpinning the trade. He provides valuable insights into the major producers, production costs, the relative advantages and disadvantages of different producing regions, shipping quality control, contracts and port facilities. The book is divided into three parts. Part 1 is an overview which covers the definition of fertilizers, the history of fertilizer use and the significance of fertilizer in the world economy. Part 2 focuses on production and consumption and covers the basic structure of the industry, current manufacturing processes and an overview of the supply and demand of nitrogen, phosphate and potash and an account of the three main fertilizers in world trade urea, diammonium phosphate and standard grade potash. Part 3 considers the structure of fertilizer distribution from factory to farm, the international trade in fertilizers and future outlook especially in relation to the rapid increase in world population, particularly in the developing countries. Read this guide and find out about: Why the supply of fertilizer in many developing countries is as important as the supply of food itself; How 40% of the world's population 2.2 billion people depend indirectly on fertilizer for their daily bread; How fertilizer nitrogen provides almost all the basic protein requirements in poorer countries; Why the use of nitrogen needs to be balanced by greater use of phosphate and potash; How environmental concerns will affect the future of the fertilizer trade; How fertilizers are manufactured and the patterns of production and consumption; The organization of international trade, the major players and the outlook for the future; The fertilizer industry is aimed at a wide audience from specialists in the industry who need a wider background to new entrants requiring a training resource; governmental and inter-governmental agencies; agricultural administrators in developing countries and the financial community with interests in trading and investment in the industry.

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About the author (2001)

Murray Park has worked in the fertilizer business for over 25 years. He was educated at St John's College, Cambridge and the University of Manchester and holds master's degrees in agriculture and agricultural economics. From 1972 to 1981 he carried out commodity market research for the purchasing department of Fisons Ltd - Fertilizer Division in Felixstowe, Suffolk, England. From 1981 to 1992 he was a senior consultant both with British Sulphur Corporation Ltd and British Sulphur Consultants based in London where he was involved in numerous research and consultancy studies worldwide. He is now an independent consultant and has recently worked on fertilizer market studies and related projects in Uzbekistan, China, Ethiopia, the Czech Republic, Romania and Poland. He is a member of The International Fertilizer Society.

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