The First Letter of Christopher Columbus to the Noble Lord Raphael Sanchez Announcing the Discovery of America: Reproduced in Fac-simile from the Copy of the Latin Version of 1493 Now in the Boston Public Library: with a New Translation

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Trustees, 1891 - America - 17 pages
 

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Page 10 - Heaven, and that I have come down from there with these ships and sailors; and in this spirit was I received everywhere, after they had got over their fear. They are neither lazy nor awkward, but, on the contrary, are of an excellent and acute understanding. Those who have sailed these seas give excellent accounts of everything ; but they have never seen men wearing clothes, or ships like ours. As soon as I had come into this sea, I took by force some Indians from the first island, in order that...
Page 9 - ... whom I visited and with whom I was able to converse, I distributed whatever I had, cloth and many other things, no return being made to me; but they are by nature fearful and timid. Yet when they perceive that they are safe, putting aside all fear, they are of simple manners and trustworthy, and very liberal with everything they have, refusing no one who asks for anything they may possess, and even themselves inviting us to ask for things. They show greater love for all others...
Page 5 - April 29, 1493, in the First year of the Pontificate of Alexander the Sixth. As I know that it will afford you pleasure that I have brought my undertaking to a successful result, I have determined to write you this letter to inform you of everything that has been done and discovered in this voyage of mine. On the thirty-third day after leaving Cadiz I came into the Indian Sea, where I discovered many islands inhabited by numerous people. I took possession of all of them for our most fortunate King...
Page 10 - ... it seemed to them, if they could get such, that they had acquired the most beautiful jewels in the world. For it chanced that a sailor received for a single strap as much weight of gold as three gold solidi ; and so others for other things of less price, especially for new blancas, and for some gold coins, for which they gave whatever the seller asked ; for instance, an ounce and a half or two ounces of gold, or thirty or forty pounds of cotton, with which they were already familiar. So, too,...
Page 5 - Letter addressed to the noble Lord Raphael Sanchez, Treasurer to their most invincible Majesties, Ferdinand and Isabella, King and Queen of Spain, by Christopher Columbus, to whom our age is greatly indebted, treating of the islands of India recently discovered beyond the Ganges, to explore which he had been sent eight months before under the auspices and at the expense of their said Majesties. KNOWING that it will afford you pleasure to learn that I have .brought my undertaking...
Page 12 - ... 322 miles. From this voyage and the extent of my journeyings I can say that this Johana is larger than England and Scotland together. For beyond the aforesaid 322 miles, in that portion which looks toward the west, there are two more provinces, which I did not visit. One of them the Indians called Anan, and its inhabitants are born with tails. These provinces extend 180 miles, as I learned from the Indians, whom I am bringing with me, and who are well acquainted with all these islands. The distance...
Page 16 - ... accomplished, for if any have ever written or spoken of these Islands, all has been in doubts and conjectures, none asserting that he had seen them, so that it seemed almost a fable. Therefore let the King and Queen, the princes and their most happy kingdoms, and all other provinces of Christendom, return thanks to our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, who has bestowed on us so great a victory and reward. Let processions be held, solemn rites performed, and the church be adorned with festive boughs....
Page 17 - ... faith, but also for the increase of temporal prosperity, in which not only Spain, but all Christendom is about to share. As these things have been accomplished, so have they been briefly narrated. Farewell. CHRISTOPHER COLOM, Admiral of the Ocean Fleet.
Page 17 - Now no land need he added to the triumphs of Spain, For the world was too small for power so great ; Now a region far hidden beneath the eastern waves Will add to thy titles, O great lord of the Baetis. Wherefore to Columbus, its discoverer, must deservedly be paid Thanks ; but greater be rendered to God most high, Who is preparing new realms to be conquered by thee and by himself. It is best for thee to be at the same time brave and pious. Columbus was a very voluminous writer. Ninety-seven pieces...
Page 11 - Whereupon both women and men, children and adults, young and old, laying aside the fear they had felt a little before, flocked eagerly to see us, a great crowd thronging about our steps, some bringing food, and others drink, with greatest love and incredible good will. In each island are many boats made of solid wood ; though narrow, yet in length and shape similar to our two-bankers, but swifter in motion, and managed by oars only. Some of them are large, some small, and some of medium size ; but...

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