The Hakka Dialect: A Linguistic Study of Its Phonology, Syntax and Lexicon

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Cambridge University Press, May 17, 1973 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 580 pages
Originally published in 1973, this was the second in a series of dialect studies planned and produced by the Princeton Chinese Linguistics Project. Professor Hashimoto, Director of the Project, describes the formation and distribution of the Hakka dialects, gives a synchronic analysis of the phonology and syntax, and carries out a systematic comparison with Ancient Chinese, providing the readers with an exhaustive list of words and phrases arranged according to all the known phonological categories of Ancient Chinese. The twenty pieces of dialogue included in this book for syntactic analysis, with their extensive grammatical notes and glossary, can be used as a manual of Hakka. The appendix includes an extensive bibliography of Hakka studies. The series represented the most systematic and detailed linguistic analysis ever attempted for the Chinese languages. It made available to specialists an indispensable working-tool and a comprehensive library of reference.
 

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Contents

Tree Illustration of the Resultative Complement
25
Table Page 1 Hakka Syllabary 1
86
Hakka Syllabary 2
87
Hakka Initials
91
vii
92
Cooccurrence of Hakka Endings with Tones
93
Hakka Finals in Phonological Transcription
96
Hakka Vowels
103
LiukHoi Pitchcontour 2
420
Ngiaupin Pitchcontour
421
Central Chin Pitchcontour
435
Hakka Personal Pronouns
437
Hakka Demonstratives 2
438
Tzucho Rising Tone in the Hakka Dialects
441
Hakka syntax
442
Tree Structure of an Intransitive Verb Sentence
444

Hakka Tones
105
Pitch and Stressgram of Dissyllabic Words 2
108
Pitch and Stressgram of Dissyllabic Words 3
109
Classificatory Features of Hakka Tones
110
Musial Notation of As Soon As the Sun Rises
118
Musical Notation of Visiting Girls
121
Historical phonology
122
Correspondence of Initials 1
354
Correspondence of Initials 2
355
Correspondence of Initials 3
356
Correspondence of Finals 1
367
Tonal Minimal Pairs 1
392
Irregular Correspondents of Ancient Rising Tone
396
Irregular Correspondents of Ancient Departing Tone 1
401
Irregular Correspondents of Ancient Departing Tone 2
402
Irregular Correspondents of Ancient Entering Tone 1
406
Table Page 23 Irregular Correspondents of Ancient Entering Tone 2
407
Irregular Correspondents of Ancient Entering Tone 3
409
Characteristics of the Hakka dialects
410
Ngyan Pitchcontour 1
411
Ngyan Pitchcontour 2
412
Ngyan Pitchcontour 4
413
Ngyan Pitchcontour 5
415
Ngyan Pitchcontour 6
416
Ngyan Pitchcontour 7
417
LiukHoi Pitchcontour 1
419
Tree Structure of a Transitive Verb Sentence
445
Tree Structure of an Incomplete Intransitive Verb Sentence
446
Tree Structure of an Incomplete Transitive Verb Sentence
447
Moiyan Personal Pronouns
451
Tree Structure of a Nominalized S_ Sentence
458
Hakka Deictics
463
Tree Structure of a Time Averbial
466
Tree Structure of an Involuntary Verb Sentence
469
Hakka Kinship Tree 1
470
Hakka Kinship Tree 2
472
Tree Structure of a Directional Adverbial Sentence
478
Tree Structure of a Factive Nominalization Sentence 1
479
Tree Structure Illustration of the Pullout Transformation 1
480
Tree Structure Illustration of the Pullout Transformation 2
481
Tree Structure of a Facture Nominalization Sentence 2
484
xii
493
xvi
505
xvii
507
xviii
509
Tree Structure of a Resultative Complement Sentence 2
514
Tree Structure of a Comparative Construction 1
520
Hakka vocabulary
525
Footnotes
554
Bibliography
565
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