The History of Development: From Western Origins to Global Faith
In this classic text, now in its fourth edition, Gilbert Rist provides a complete and powerful overview of what the idea of development has meant throughout history. He traces it from its origins in the Western view of history, through the early stages of the world system, the rise of US hegemony, and the supposed triumph of third-worldism, through to new concerns about the environment and globalization. In a new chapter on post-development models and ecological dimensions, written against a background of world crisis and ideological disarray, Rist considers possible ways forward and brings the book completely up to date. Throughout, he argues persuasively that development has been no more than a collective delusion, which in reality has resulted only in widening market relations, whatever the intentions of its advocates.
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achieve Africa Arusha Declaration Asian–African basic needs belief billion Brundtland Brundtland Commission capital cent century colonial Commission common concept Conference course cultural debate Declaration defined developing countries développement discourse dominant ecological economic growth environment environmental especially example existence exploitation fact Gilbert Rist global goal Gustavo Esteva Human Development Report Ibid idea income increase industrial countries inequalities institutions interest international trade Johan Galtung l’économie labour League of Nations living mandate Marx means Millennium Millennium Development Goals modern nature necessary NGOs NIEO North Nyerere one’s organizations Paris people’s Point Four political poor population possible post-development poverty practices principle problems production profit programmes progress proposed question reality relations role Rostow S-VI self-reliance Serge Latouche social social evolutionism society South strategy structural sustainable development Tanzania theory things Third World today’s underdevelopment UNDP United Nations University Press Western World Bank