The Hungry World: America’s Cold War Battle against Poverty in Asia
Cullather has written an engrossing history of how the United States government, along with private philanthropies like the Ford and Rockefeller foundations, aimed to win the hearts and bodies of rural Asia in the post World War II decades by crafting strategies to develop and modernize agriculture and the peasant’s way of life. He explains how America used foreign aid, modernization theory, nutrition, statistics, and technology, to try to reconstruct the social and political order of the decolonized and disadvantaged countries in the region. Initially the issue of how best to intervene in Asia’s rural countryside was contentious, with clashing visions of development and humanitarian aid being argued throughout the 50’s and 60’s. Ultimately, one strategy displaced all the others—the “Green Revolution” and the ability to feed millions through the miracle of genetically designed dwarf strains of grain and rice. Cullather provides a detailed explanation of how this policy of feeding Asian peasants became the single strategy of “progress” adopted by the US rather than industrialization or land reform. As current controversy swirls about how best to aid Africa in the crisis of nation-building, famine, and a poverty-stricken peasantry, the story of the U.S. interventions in Asia become starkly relevant.
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The Hungry World: America's Cold War Battle Against Poverty in Asia
No preview available - 2013
administration Afghan Afghanistan agriculture American April Asia Asian Barbara Ward Borlaug calorie China Cold War communist community development Cong Congress countries countryside crisis crops culture dams DDRS December Delhi Department economic Economist experiment export famine farm farmers February fertilizer folder food supply Ford Foundation foreign aid Fosdick Foundation’s FRUS Gandhi global grain green revolution growth Helmand History Hoover human hunger India industrial IRRI IRRI’s irrigation January John Johnson June Kabul Kennedy labor Ladejinsky land reform LBJL March Mayer ment Mexican Mexico million modern Nehru Norman Borlaug nutrition officials Pakistan Pashtun peasant percent Philippines planners political population problem production Report RFAC rice Rockefeller Foundation Rostow rural scientific scientists sector seeds Senate sess social Soviet Stakman strategy Subramaniam tion United urban USAID Vietnam village Wallace Warren Weaver Washington wheat World Bank World Food York