The Intellectual Foundations of the English Benedictine Reform

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Cambridge University Press, Mar 11, 1999 - Literary Criticism - 471 pages
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This book explores the foundations of the intellectual renaissance in tenth-century England, including both the English Benedictine reform and the establishment by Ęthelwold, Bishop of Winchester (963–84), of the most influential school in late Anglo-Saxon England. The vital early stages of Ęthelwold's scholarly career are explored for the first time, particularly his formative years in King Ęthelstan's entourage and his period of study at Glastonbury. Light is shed on the contribution which Ęthelstan's cosmopolitan court made to intellectual and spiritual life. Based on a wide range of evidence Dr Gretsch assigns to Ęthelwold two influential texts: an interlinear translation of the psalter and a vast corpus of Old English glosses to Aldhelm's prose De virginitate. These glosses are shown to have played a pivotal role in the development of the vernacular as a medium for scholarly discourse.
 

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Contents

1 Introduction
1
2 Psalters and psalter glosses in AngloSaxon England
6
3 The vocabulary of the Royal Psalter
42
lexical and stylistic links
89
5 The Aldhelm glosses
132
6 Word usage in the Royal Psalter the Rule and the Aldhelm glosses
185
7 Ęthelwold and the Old English Rule
226
8 Ęthelwold and the Royal Psalter
261
11 Conclusion
425
APPENDIX I Ęthelwolds life and career
428
APPENDIX II The Royal Psalter at Canterbury
430
APPENDIX III The Gernrode fragments of an Old Saxon psalm commentary
432
Bibliography
437
Index of Old English words
451
Index of Latin words glossed in Old English or translated
460
General index
464

9 Ęthelwold and the Aldhelm glosses
332
10 French and German loan influence
384

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