The Jewish Exodus from Iraq, 1948-1951

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Psychology Press, 1997 - History - 209 pages
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The Jewish Exodus from Iraq, 1948-1951 describes the eradication of one of the oldest communities of the Jewish Diaspora. In 1950 and 1951, more than 120,000 Jews left Iraq for Israel, most travelling by plane in the largest airlift in history. Scholars give various reasons for this exodus. Some point to the strength of Zionism amongst the Jews in Iraq whereas others blame the anti-Semitic policies of the Iraqi government. Yet others see the cause as a combination of Iraqi oppression and Zionist education. Gat argues that with the establishment of the Iraqi state in 1920, the Jews actively sought to integrate into Iraqi society. This integration was halted by the pogrom of June 1941 and the invasion of Israel by the Arabs in May 1948, after which the Iraqi government adopted a policy of oppression and discrimination against Jews.

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The Jewish Community in the Independent Iraqi State
Iraq Changes its Official Policy towards the Jewish
The Legislation on Jewish Emigration
Organizing the Exodus
Iraq Israel and the Jewish Emigration Question
The Property Freezing Law March 1951
Was Terror Employed to Accelerate the Exodus?

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About the author (1997)

Gat is Head of the General History Department, and senior lecturer in the Political Studies Department at Bar-Ilan University, Israel.

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