The Jews and the Crusaders: The Hebrew Chronicles of the First and Second Crusades
KTAV Publishing House, Inc., 1996 - History - 186 pages
"The Jews of Christian Europe were the first victims of the Crusaders' zeal, and the survivors produced accounts of the massacres they had witnessed. The Jews and the Crusaders contains a full English translation of these chronicles, which cover the First and Second crusades - years in which a wave of slaughter and suicide swept the Jews of France and Germany, and demonstrated the Jews' stubborn refusal to abandon their faith. Shlomo Eidelberg has translated four important primary documents from the original Hebrew, providing a perspective on the Crusades that has until now remained relatively obscure to the English-speaking world, thus serving both historians of early Christian Europe and Judaic scholars." "The unique emotional power of each chronicle may be felt in the translation. The Chronicle of Solomon bar Samson is a moving narrative concerning the Rhineland massacres. The second chronicle, that of Eliezer bar Nathan, interprets some of the same events in elegiac style and liturgical language while the third chronicle, the Mainz Anonymous though fragmented, is highly analytical in nature. The fourth chronicle, Sefer Zekhirah, is a personal description of the Second Crusade, full of poignant detail. Together, the chronicles present a moving human record of these events, of value not only to professional historians but to all who seek to broaden their understanding of the Jewish experience." "These documents will be of further value in that they exemplify eleventh- and twelfth-century literary style, combining factual accounts and descriptions of events with encomia and liturgical elements. In these four chronicles, this genre is enriched with a language and style derived from a mixture of Biblical, Talmudic, and midrashic literature."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
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Abraham Albert of Aix Aronius avenge Behold bishop Blessed Holy blood burghers Christian Chronicle of Solomon Cologne courtyard Creator cried crucified daughters death declared decree defile Deuteronomy Eidelberg Eliezer bar Nathan Emicho enemy Ephraim of Bonn errant evil Father fear fell fled France G. H. Pertz Garden of Eden Genesis Rabba Gentile Germania Judaica God's Name Guibert of Nogent hand heard heart Heaven Hebrew chronicles Isaiah Israel Iyar Jerusalem Jewish Jewish communities Jews Judah killed King knife Lamentations Leonhard Simion Lord Mainz Anonymous martyrdom martyrs medieval Menahem mercy Midrash mourning narrative narrator pious priest Psalms Rabbi Eliezer bar Rabbi Kalonymos Radulf reference Regesten remained righteous Sabbath saints Samuel sanctified the Name Second Crusade Sefer Zekhirah Shemariah Sivan slain slaughtered slay slew Solomon bar Simson sons souls Speyer sword synagogue Talmudic Tammuz took verse village vols women Worms