The Mechanism of Human Facial Expression

Front Cover
Cambridge University Press, Jul 27, 1990 - Medical - 288 pages
In Mecanisme de la Physionomie Humaine, the great nineteenth-century French neurologist Duchenne de Boulogne combined his intimate knowledge of facial anatomy with his skill in photography and expertise in using electricity to stimulate individual facial muscles to produce a fascinating interpretation of the ways in which the human face portrays emotions. This book was pivotal in the development of psychology and physiology as it marked the first time that photography had been used to illustrate, and therefore "prove," a series of experiments. Duchenne's book, which contained over 100 original photographic prints pasted into an accompanying Album, was rare, even when it first appeared in 1862. Duchenne was a superb clinical neurologist and in this study he applied his enormous experience in neurological research to the question of the mechanism of human facial expression. Duchenne has been little cited and little known in this century; his book has been virtually unobtainable, and copies are available in only a few libraries in the United States and Europe.
 

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Contents

A Introduction
3
The background to my electrophysiological research
9
Combined contractions of the muscles of the face
16
The purpose of my research
22
The application to painting and sculpture
32
B Scientific section
39
The muscle of attention m frontalis
49
The muscle of aggression m procerus
56
The muscles complementary to surprise
87
A critical study of several antiquities from
93
Aesthetic section
101
Further aesthetic electrophysiological studies
114
Synoptic table on the plates of the Album
211
The highly original Dr Duchenne
225
The Duchenne de Boulogne Collection in
242
Facial expression and facial
257

The muscles of joy and benevolence
69
The muscle of lasciviousness transverse
74
The muscles of weeping and whimpering
81
Duchenne and facial expression of emotion
270
Index
285
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