The Mote of Mark: A Dark Age Hillfort in South-west Scotland
The Mote of Mark is a low boss of granite rising from forty-five metres above the eastern shore of Rough Firth, where the Urr Water enters the Solway, between the villages of Kippford and Rockcliffe. The summit comprises a central hollow between two raised areas of rock and was formerly defended by a stone and timber rampart enclosing one third of an acre. The Mote of Mark appears to have first attracted the attention of antiquaries in the late eighteenth century, and first assumed national importance with Alexander Curle's major work in 1913. After the interruption of the First World War, the site was left largely alone until it was re-excavated in the 1970s. These excavations, in 1973 and '79 were designed to answer three specific questions: How many phases of activity are represented in the structural history of the defences? How many phases of activity are represented by the evidence for Early Medieval metalworking and occupation? And, how does the evidence of occupation within the defences relate to the structural history of the defences? This book presents the results of the excavations and their interpretation within the framework of these questions.
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The stratigraphic evidence of the 1973 and 1979 excavations
The evidence of the artefacts
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1913 assemblage 1913 assemblage Site Alcock Anglo-Saxon artefacts assemblage Site context backfill of earlier bead Body sherd buckle buff Core buff Outer face central hollow circular clay Context group contexts Site context crucible Curie Curle curvilinear dark grey diameter Dinas Powys disturbance of latest Dunadd earlier contexts earlier excavations early Medieval evidence excavations Site context face casting face glass grey Core grey Outer face grey-buff ingate Inner face casting Inner face/casting face iron known Dimension rating late occupation post-dating latest occupation material Metal metalworking Mote of Mark occupation contexts occupation post-dating rampart opaque white marvered orange buff orange Core panel penannular brooch phase pieces plate possible late occupation post-dating rampart slighting post-occupation accumulation pottery Primary valve rectangular represented Rheged roundel Secondary valve seventh century shank sixth century slag slighting Site context south rampart stone surface Sutton Hoo topsoil Site context Urien vessel vitrified ware Whithorn