The Provenance of the Pseudepigrapha: Jewish, Christian, Or Other?
The Old Testament pseudepigrapha are ancient quasi-biblical texts inspired by the Hebrew Bible. Although frequently mined as Jewish background by New Testament specialists, they were transmitted almost entirely in Christian circles, often only in translation. Christian authors wrote some pseudepigrapha and did not necessarily always mention explicitly Christian topics. This book challenges the assumption that pseudepigrapha are Jewish compositions until proven otherwise. It proposes a methodology for understanding them first in the social context of their earliest manuscripts, inferring still earlier origins only as required by positive evidence while considering the full range of possible authors (Jews, Christians, "God-fearers," Samaritans, etc.). It analyzes a substantial corpus of pseudepigrapha, distinguishing those that are probably Jewish from those of more doubtful origins.
introduction Establishing the Origins ofOld Testament Pseudepigrapha
chapter one Jewish Pseudepigrapha and Christian
How Can We Tell Them Apart?
Section3 21 Section4 Early Christianity and the Parting of the Ways
Section 6 Jewish Christianity andJudaizing Gentile Christianity Sympathizers and SyncretisticJews
Section7 Non or QuasiJewish Israelites
Section 8 The Range of Possibilities
Section4 Christian Works with Episodes That Lack Any Christian Signature Signature Features Features
Section5 A Probable Christian Work That Lacks Any Christian Signature Features
Section 6 Conclusions
chapter three Jewish Pseudepigrapha
excursus Observations on Philo andJosephus
chapter four Some Pseudepigrapha ofDebatable Origin
excursus Observations on the Old Testament Apocrypha
chapter five Conclusions
Section 10 Conclusions
chapter two Did Christians Write Old Testament Pseudepigrapha That Appear to Be Jewish?
Section2 Some Preliminary Questions Pseudepigrapha
Section3 Christian Works with Only a Few Easily Excisable Christian
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