The Reflective Practitioner: How Professionals Think in Action

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Routledge, Mar 2, 2017 - Social Science - 384 pages
A leading M.I.T. social scientist and consultant examines five professions - engineering, architecture, management, psychotherapy, and town planning - to show how professionals really go about solving problems. The best professionals, Donald Schön maintains, know more than they can put into words. To meet the challenges of their work, they rely less on formulas learned in graduate school than on the kind of improvisation learned in practice. This unarticulated, largely unexamined process is the subject of Schön's provocatively original book, an effort to show precisely how 'reflection-in-action' works and how this vital creativity might be fostered in future professionals.


From Technical Rationality to Reflection
The Patient as a Universe
The Structure of ReflectioninAction
Reflective Practice in the ScienceBased
Limits to Reflectionin
Patterns and Limits of ReflectioninAction

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Donald A. Schön, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA

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