The Saturn V F-1 Engine: Powering Apollo into History

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Springer Science & Business Media, Nov 25, 2008 - Technology & Engineering - 304 pages

The book focuses on the design, testing and manufacture of the F-1 engine, but also covers its incorporation into the first stage of the Saturn V and in-flight record. It concludes with an examination of what might have been, if the F-1 had not been discarded, together with the Saturn V, at the conclusion of the Apollo program. The account draws on original documents and interviews with engineers and managers, and is illustrated by many never-before-published photographs, both colour and monochrome. The intention is for this to be the definitive account of the development of this most powerful of rocket engines. As NASA is developing an evolved version of the hydrogen-burning J-2 engine for use in the forthcoming Ares launch vehicles, the author includes development of the J-2 engine within the context of the Saturn V development, thus bringing rocket engine development up to the present and thus provide this book with a long shelf life.

 

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Contents

Evolution of the Moon rocket
1
Early lunar studies and programs
10
Kennedys lunar decision
14
Lunar launch vehicle studies
21
Refining the lunar mission mode
24
The Saturns emerge
26
Saturn direct ascent studies
31
Lunar orbit rendezvous is chosen
32
Furnace brazing instrumentation
124
The F1 Mark 10 turbopump
125
Heat Exchanger and Turbine Exhaust Manifold
126
MSFC Boeing and the SIC stage
153
Evolving NASAs management structures
155
The SIC stage is chosen for the Saturn
172
Four or five F1 engines?
173
SIC stage contract negotiations
175

Origin and development of the F1 engine
35
The E1 engine
40
Early F1 engine studies
42
Transfer of the F1 engine program to NASA
44
The roar of King Kong
46
Establishing the engine start sequence
49
The injector and combustion instability
53
Turbopump development
60
Engine thermal insulation
62
Continuing development and improvement
64
F1 engine project management by MSFC
65
Managing combustion instability
67
Contract negotiations and responsibilities
69
Broad project management aspects
74
F1 engine description and operation
77
Heat exchanger
79
Fuel valves
81
Thrust chamber assembly
82
Gimbal bearing
84
Thrust chamber nozzle extension
86
Oxidizer pump
88
Turbine
90
Gas generator system
91
Gas generator injector
92
Hypergol manifold
93
Checkout valve
94
Swing check valve
96
Auxiliary instrumentation
98
Engine cutoff
100
Engine handling support equipment
101
Engine transportation by aircraft
102
Engine ground transportation by truck
105
Manufacturing the F1 engine at Rocketdyne
107
Mechanized production control
111
The machinability index
113
Radiographic inspection
115
Ultrasonic testing
116
Eddy current testing
117
Hardness testing
118
Selection of the test method
119
The furnace brazing decision
120
Detail part preparation
122
the first cycle
123
Model testing and SIC base heating from the F1 engines
176
SIC stage configuration
177
The SIC stage transporter
178
SIC stage manufacture at MSFC and the Michoud Assembly Facility
181
Testing the F1 engine and SIC stage
185
The Edwards Field Laboratory
187
Testing the F1 at the Edwards Field Laboratory
192
Test data acquisition and processing
194
MSFC testing
197
F1 single engine test stand construction
198
The SIC stage static test stand
201
Testing the SICT stage
202
Mississippi Test Facility
205
SIC stage testing at the Mississippi Test Facility
207
KSC and Apollo Saturn
215
Launch Complex 39
218
Machines like none on Earth
219
Launch Complex 39 special facilities and components
221
Apollo Saturn V launches
222
The launch of SA501
223
SA502 sends a wakeup call
226
sending men to the Moon
227
SA504 and Apollo 9
229
rehearsal for the lunar landing
230
SA506 and Apollo 11 s destiny at the Sea of Tranquility
232
SA507 sends Apollo 12 to the Ocean of Storms
235
SA508 and the launch of Apollo 13
236
SA509 sends Americas first astronaut to the Moon
238
SA510 sends Apollo 15 and the Lunar Roving Vehicle to Hadley Rille
240
SA511 and Apollo 16
241
SA512 takes Apollo 17 on the final manned voyage to the Moon
243
SA513 launches the Skylab workshop
245
The F1A the engine that might have been
247
The F1A engine
249
Rocketdynes Knowledge Retention Program
251
The F1A production plan
253
SEI launch vehicles powered by the F1A
255
Liquid Rocket Booster and Liquid Flyback Booster studies
256
The end of an era
257
Appendix
259
Index
263
Copyright

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About the author (2008)

Anthony Young's first automotive book, published in 1984, became the best-selling automotive title sold in America within three months of its publication, according to Auto Week magazine. His first Springer-Praxis book, Lunar and Planetary Rovers: The Wheels of Apollo and the Quest for Mars will be published in the fall of 2006. He is a regular contributor to Space Times magazine and the online weekly website, The Space Review.

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