The Secret of Apollo: Systems Management in American and European Space Programs

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How does one go about organizing something as complicated as a strategic-missile or space-exploration program? Stephen B. Johnson here explores the answer - systems management - in a study that involves Air Force planners, scientists, technical specialists and, eventually, bureaucrats. Taking a comparative approach, Johnson focuses on the theory, or intellectual history, of systems engineering as such, its origins in the Air Force's Cold War ICBM efforts, and its migration to not only NASA but the European Space Agency.
 

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Contents

Management and the Control
1
Creating Concurrency
19
Fly before you buy sequential development
22
Weapon System Project Offices system concept
31
PreGillette organization of ballistic missile development
38
From Concurrency to Systems Management
47
Brigadier General Bernard Schriever and Dr Simon Ramo
52
Ballistic Systems Division organization network
69
MercuryAtlas organization
119
George Muellers five box structure
135
Phillipss review processes for Apollo
142
Organizing ELDO for Failure
154
ESROs American Bridge across
179
HEOS spacecraft
188
Hoernkes analogy of engineering and project control
198
Coordination and Control of HighTech
209

Traditional line organization and lines of communication
77
JPLs Journey from Missiles to Space
81
Mariner Venus 1962
99
Typical profile of engineering changes for spacecraft project
108
Organizing the Manned Space Program
115
Cold War social groups and alliances
213
Notes 233
232
Essay on Sources
277
Index
283
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Page 283 - Merton J. Peck and Frederic M. Scherer, The Weapons Acquisition Process: An Economic Analysis (Boston: Division of Research, Graduate School of Business Administration, Harvard University, 1962), pp.

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