The System of Professions: An Essay on the Division of Expert Labor
In The System of Professions Andrew Abbott explores central questions about the role of professions in modern life: Why should there be occupational groups controlling expert knowledge? Where and why did groups such as law and medicine achieve their power? Will professionalism spread throughout the occupational world? While most inquiries in this field study one profession at a time, Abbott here considers the system of professions as a whole. Through comparative and historical study of the professions in nineteenth- and twentieth-century England, France, and America, Abbott builds a general theory of how and why professionals evolve.
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abstract academic accounting actual American analysis association become British career central century chapter claims clergy clients common competition corporate cost course created cultural demand differentiation discussed disease division of labor doctors dominant early effects elite emerged engineering England English example exist expansion extensive external fact fessional ﬁrms ﬁrst follow forces formal French function groups hospitals important individual interest internal interprofessional involved jurisdiction knowledge later lawyers legitimation less major means medicine mental move nineteenth noted objective organizations particular pattern period practice present problems profes professional professions psychiatrists questions relations schools sional sions social society solicitors sources status structure subjective subordinate success task theory tion treatment United values various workers workplace