The Yoruba Diaspora in the Atlantic World

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Toyin Falola, Matt D. Childs
Indiana University Press, May 2, 2005 - History - 472 pages
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This innovative anthology focuses on the enslavement, middle passage, American experience, and return to Africa of a single cultural group, the Yoruba. Moving beyond descriptions of generic African experiences, this anthology will allow students to trace the experiences of one cultural group throughout the cycle of the slave experience in the Americas. The 19 essays, employing a variety of disciplinary perspectives, provide a detailed study of how the Yoruba were integrated into the Atlantic world through the slave trade and slavery, the transformations of Yoruba identities and culture, and the strategies for resistance employed by the Yoruba in the New World.

The contributors are Augustine H. Agwuele, Christine Ayorinde, Matt D. Childs, Gibril R. Cole, David Eltis, Toyin Falola, C. Magbaily Fyle, Rosalyn Howard, Robin Law, Babatunde Lawal, Russell Lohse, Paul E. Lovejoy, Beatriz G. Mamigonian, Robin Moore, Ann O'Hear, Luis Nicolau Parés, Michele Reid, João José Reis, Kevin Roberts, and Mariza de Carvalho Soares.

Blacks in the Diaspora -- Claude A. Clegg III, editor
Darlene Clark Hine, David Barry Gaspar, and John McCluskey, founding editors

 

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Contents

I The Yoruba Homeland and Diaspora
15
Dimensions and Implications
17
3 The Yoruba Factor in the TransAtlantic Slave Trade
40
4 The Enslavement of Yoruba
56
II The Yoruba Diaspora in the Americas
75
The Yoruba Diaspora in Brazil
77
Origins Identities and Transformations
111
The Yoruba in Colonial Costa Rica
130
Ethnic Change and the Mina Nation in Rio de Janeiro
231
13 Yoruba Family Gender and Kinship Roles in New World Slavery
248
Yoruba Sacred Music in Socialist Cuba
260
Yoruba Elements in African American Arts
291
16 Yorubaisms in African American Speech Patterns
325
IV The Return to Yorubaland
347
17 Yoruba Liberated Slaves Who Returned to West Africa
349
18 The Yoruba Diaspora in Sierra Leones Krio Society
366

A Comparative Perspective on Trinidad and the Bahamas
157
9 The Influential Yoruba Past in Haiti
177
III The Cultural Foundations of the Yoruba Diaspora
183
10 The Nagôization Process in Bahian Candomblé
185
Tradition and Transformation
209
19 Liberated Slaves and Islam in NineteenthCentury West Africa
383
Bibliography
405
Contributors
447
Index
451
Copyright

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About the author (2005)

Toyin Falola, the Frances Higginbothom Nalle Centennial Professor of History at the University of Texas at Austin, is author of The Culture and Customs of Nigeria.

Matt D. Childs is Assistant Professor in Caribbean History at Florida State University.