Evolution Of Life Histories: Theory and Analysis

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Derek Roff
Springer Science & Business Media, Apr 30, 1993 - Science - 548 pages
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There are many different types of organisms in the world: they differ in size, physiology, appearance, and life history. The challenge for evolutionary biology is to explain how such diversity arises. The Evolution of Life Histories does this by showing that natural selection is the principal underlying force molding life history variation. The book describes in particular the ways in which variation can be analyzed and predicted. It covers both the genetic and optimization approaches to life history analysis and gives an overview of the general framework of life history theory and the mathematical tools by which predictions can be made and tested. Factors affecting the age schedule of birth and death and the costs of reproduction are discussed. The Evolution of Life Histories concentrates on those theoretical developments that have been tested experimentally. It will interest both students and professionals in evolution, evolutionary ecology, mathematical and theoretical biology, and zoology and entomology.
 

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Contents

Life History Variation A First Look
1
11 Mathematical Analysis of Life History Variation
3
12 Constraints
9
13 Summary
16
Quantitative Genetic Background
18
22 Maintenance of Genetic Variation
27
23 Summary
34
Life History Theory A Framework
35
72 Variable Environments
212
73 Predicting Genotypic Versus Phenotypic Changes
229
74 Summary
240
Reproductive Effort
242
81 Reproductive Investment and Breeding More Than Once
243
82 Optimal Reproductive Effort and Growth
251
83 Reproductive Effort and Age
259
84 Reproductive Effort and Parental Care
269

31 Measures of Fitness
36
32 Relationship Between Phenotypic TradeOffs and Genetic Correlations
49
33 Measurement of TradeOffs
53
34 Summary
59
Methods of Analysis
62
42 Graphical Analysis
71
43 Dynamic Programming
80
44 Matrix Methods
85
45 Model Testing
88
46 Summary
98
Age Schedules of Birth and Death
99
51 Mortality
100
52 Reproduction
122
53 Summary
142
Costs of Reproduction
145
61 Reproductive Effort and Growth
150
62 Reproductive Effort and Survival
157
63 Reproductive Effort and Schedule of Reproduction
172
64 Summary
177
Age and Size at Maturity
179
71 Deterministic Environment
180
85 Reproductive Effort and Male Fitness
273
86 Reproductive Effort in a Variable Environment
282
87 Summary
290
Clutch Size
292
91 Mechanical Factors in Evolution of Clutch Size
294
92 Hypotheses Generated by Considerations of Clutch Size in Endotherms
302
93 Hypotheses Generated by Consideration of Clutch Size in Insects
325
94 Summary
343
Offspring Size
347
101 Effect of Size on Fitness Components of the Young
348
103 Optimal Propagule Size in a Constant Environment
362
104 Optimal Propagule Size in a Variable Environment
386
105 Summary
390
Final Thoughts
393
A Brief Review of Differentiation
407
Glossary
415
References
421
Taxonomic Index
513
Subject Index
523
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About the author (1993)

Derek A. Roff is a Professor in the Department of Biology at the University of California, Riverside.

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