## The Physics of AtmospheresDr Houghton has revised the acclaimed first edition of The Physics of Atmospheres in order to bring this important textbook completely up-to-date. Several factors have led to vigorous growth in the atmospheric sciences, particularly the availability of powerful computers for detailed modelling, the investigation of the atmospheres of other planets, and techniques of remote sensing. The author describes the physical processes governing the structure and circulation of the atmosphere. Simple physical models are constructed by applying the principles of classical thermodynamics, radiative transfer and fluid mechanics, together with analytic and numerical techniques. These models are applied to real planetary atmospheres. This new edition is essential for undergraduates or graduate students studying atmospheric physics, climatology or meteorology, as well as planetary scientists with an interest in atmospheres. |

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### Contents

A radiative equilibrium model | 8 |

Atmospheric predictability and climatic change | 13 |

Thermodynamics | 17 |

More complex radiation transfer | 31 |

The upper atmosphere | 46 |

Clouds | 67 |

Dynamics | 74 |

Atmospheric waves | 87 |

The general circulation | 115 |

Numerical modelling | 134 |

Global observation | 146 |

Appendices | 164 |

Spectral band information | 180 |

Bibliography | 187 |

Answers to problems and hints to their solution | 193 |

Turbulence | 103 |

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### Common terms and phrases

absorbed absorption coefficient adiabatic adiabatic lapse rate angular momentum approximation assumed atmos atmospheric motions available potential energy average band boundary layer calculate carbon dioxide centre chapter circulation cloud CN CN collision broadened components condensation considered continuity equation convection Coriolis diffusion dry air eddy emission equilibrium fluid flux frequency function geopotential geostrophic wind given gravity waves heating rate horizontal hydrogen hydrostatic equation infrared instability integration kinetic energy km altitude lapse rate latent heat latitude liquid water mass mean mixing ratio molecular molecules number densities occur oxygen ozone particles path phere potential energy potential temperature problem processes quantity region Rossby Rossby waves rotating saturated solar radiation solution spectral interval stratosphere Substituting tephigram term thermal thermodynamic tion total potential energy transmission turbulence typical values vapour pressure variation velocity Venus vertical motion viscosity water vapour wavelength wavenumber zero zonal flow

### Popular passages

Page 188 - Quart. /. R. Met. Soc., 84, pp. 205-224. 1969 ' The atmospheric boundary layer in relation to large scale dynamics.