In this book Judith Okely challenges popular accounts of Gypsies which suggest that they were once isolated communities, enjoying an autonomous culture and economy now largely eroded by the processes of industrialisation and western capitalism. Dr Okely draws on her own extensive fieldwork and on contemporary documents. The Traveller-Gypsies is the first monograph to be published on Gypsies in Britain using the perspective of social anthropology. It examines the historical origins of the Gypsies, their economy, travelling patterns, self-ascription, kinship and political groupings, and their marriage choices, upbringing and gender divisions. A detailed analysis of pollution beliefs reveals an underlying system which expresses and reinforces the separation of Gypsies from non-Gypsies. Explanations for beliefs are sought in their contemporary meaning as opposed to their alleged Indian origin. None of these aspects are analysed independently of the wider society, its policies, beliefs, and practices. This book will be invaluable for teaching purposes, both as a study of a Gypsy community per se, and for its discussion of the problems involved in carrying out fieldwork within the anthropologist's own society. It will also interest the general reader and the academic specialist; social anthropologists, sociologists, historians, geographers, planners and all those concerned with minority groups.
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Historical categories and representations
Methods of approach
The trailer unit spouses and children
Acton adult affines animals associated beliefs boundary British Isles camp caravan census chapter close cognates context contrast cousin marriage culture dead death dogs dominant society economic status Egyptians encampments England ethnic eviction example exogamous exotic family trailer fieldwork fortune telling funeral given Gorgio authorities Gorgio unit Gorgio women Gypsies or Travellers Gypsiologists Gypsy and Gorgio Gypsy children Gypsy Council Gypsy families Gypsy group Gypsy Lore Society Gypsy woman hedgehog horse housedwellers husband ideal identity Irish Irish Travellers Kalderash kindred labour land living lorry majority marriage married mochadi move mulo never nomads non-Gypsies nuclear family occupations official offspring Okely organisation origin parents participant observation permanent persons political clusters pollution real Romanies recognised recorded referred scrap sedentary self-ascription sexual siblings social social anthropologist specific spouse stereotype Sutherland temporary Thompson Tinkers tion told trailer unit wage-labour waggons Wales warden washing wife