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Two Types of Fistula
Three Principles and Methods of Treatment
12 other sections not shown
abdominal wall anastomosis angled scissors bladder cavity bladder drainage bladder fistula bladder mucosa bladder neck bladder trigone bladder wall blade blood supply bowel Caesarean section calculus catgut catgut stitch cervix CHA PTE Chapter circumferential fistula closure colostomy colpocleisis cure cystoscope cystotomy damaged difficult dissection episiotomy examination excise exposed favour fibrosis fistula repair Foley catheter forceps function gracilis muscle gynaecological hospital hysterectomy ileal incision incontinence of urine infection inserted intestine kidney knee-chest position later layer lithotomy position method mucosa necrosis needle normal nylon obstetrical obstetrical fistulae opening patient pelvic colon polyethylene tube possible post-operative posterior previous operations procedure pubic bone radium rectal rectum removed result retractor rubber side silver wire Sims's slough sometimes stress incontinence subsequent suction suprapubic surgeon surgery suture technique tissue transverse transvesical operation treatment ureter urethra urinary leakage urine usually uterine uterus vaginal edges vaginal fistula vaginal vault vaginal wall vesico-urethral junction vesico-vaginal fistula