To Profit Or Not to Profit: The Commercial Transformation of the Nonprofit Sector
Burton A. Weisbrod
Cambridge University Press, 2000 - Business & Economics - 340 pages
Nonprofit organizations are increasingly resembling private firms, in a transformation bringing with it a shift in financial dependence from charitable donation to commercial sales activity. User fees and revenue from ancillary activities are mushrooming, with each having important side effects: pricing out of the market certain target groups, or distracting the nonprofit from its central mission. This book examines the reasons and consequences of the mimicry of private firms by fundraising nonprofit organizations. The authors focus first on issues that apply to nonprofits generally: the role of competition, analysis of nonprofit organization behavior, the effects of distribution goals and differential taxation of nonprofit and for-profit activity revenue, the effects of changes in donations on commercial activity, and conversions of nonprofits to for-profits. They then turn to specific industries: hospitals, universities, social service providers, zoos, museums, and public broadcasting. The book concludes with recommendations for research and for public policy toward nonprofits.
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The nonprofit mission and its financing Growing links between nonprofits and the rest of the economy
Basic issues and perspective
Competition commercialization and the evolution of nonprofit organizational structures
Modeling the nonprofit organization as a multiproduct firm A framework for choice
Pricing and rationing by nonprofit organizations with distributional objectives
Differential taxation of nonprofit and the commercialization of nonprofit revenues
Interdependence of commercial and donative revenues
Conversion from nonprofit to forprofit legal status Why does it happen and should anyone care?
Commercialism in nonprofit social service associations Its character significance and rationale
Zoos and aquariums
Commerce and the muse Are art museums becoming commercial?
The funding perils of the Corporation for Public Broadcasting
Overview conclusions and publicpolicy issues
Commercialism among nonprofits Objectives opportunities and constraints
Conclusions and publicpolicy issues Commercialism and the road ahead
IRS Forms 990 and 990T for nonprofit organizations
Other editions - View all
AARP admission fees advertising allocation art museums assets Association behavior changes Chapter charge charitable cial commercial activity commercial income commercial revenue competition constraints consumer surplus consumers contributions conversions corporate cost cross-subsidization donors economic effects engage enue example exempt exogenous federal for-profit firms for-profit hospitals fund-raising funds Glen Oak Zoo goals government grants GSUSA HMOs incentives increased industry institutions investment involves managers marginal marginal cost maximize Medicare membership mercial million nonpreferred nonprofit and for-profit nonprofit hospitals nonprofit organizations nonprofit sector operating organization's organizational outputs patients percent potential preferred price discrimination private donations private firms production profit profit-maximizing program service public broadcasting public policy reported revenue sources sales revenues share shift source of revenue specific subsidies tax-exempt taxable television tion total revenue universities unrelated business activity user fees variable ventures Weisbrod WellPoint zoos and aquariums