Uroscopy in Early Modern Europe
Uroscopy - the diagnosis of disease by visual examination of the urine - played a very prominent role in early modern medical practice and in the lives of ordinary people. Based on a wide range of textual and visual sources, such as autobiographies, court records, medical treatises and genre painting, this book offers the first comprehensive study of the place of uroscopy in early modern medicine, culture and society and of the - gradually changing - ways in which medical practitioners, lay persons and, last but not least, artists perceived and used it.
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academic according advice anatomy anonymous apollinaris authors avicenna barber-surgeon Beverwijk bladder blood body Bonacursius caspar netscher cause changes claimed color complaints concoction contemporary cordus Curieuser und vernünfftiger depicted diseases doctors doctress dueren early modern period eighteenth century examined the urine example explained Fasciculus medicinae fever Foreest Friedrich Hoffmann Galen genre painting healers heat Horer Hsta stuttgart humors ibid idem illness indicated innate heat interrogation Jan steen Johannes judgment kidneys knowledge Kräutermann laypeople learned physicians letter liessell liver lovesickness matula medical culture medical practice medicine messenger morbid matter nineteenth century non-academic uroscopists ÖnB Vienna pagination paracelsian paracelsus pathological patient patient’s patient’s urine people’s physicians pregnancy pulse diagnosis role schozach seventeenth sometimes stahl stB Berlin steen stolberg stomach symptoms Thoner Thurneysser Tractätlein 1663 Tractatus traditional treatises urinarum urinary urine urine flask urinis Uromanteia 1620 uroscopic diagnosis uroscopist uroscopy vapors vernünfftiger Urin-Artzt 1732 Wellcome library wife wife’s woman women