Utilitarianism and Beyond
Amartya Sen, Bernard Williams, Bernard Arthur Owen Williams
Cambridge University Press, Jun 10, 1982 - Philosophy - 290 pages
A volume of studies of utilitarianism considered both as a theory of personal morality and a theory of public choice. All but two of the papers have been commissioned especially for the volume, and between them they represent not only a wide range of arguments for and against utilitarianism but also a first-class selection of the most interesting and influential work in this very active area. There is also a substantial introduction by the two editors. The volume will constitute an important stimulus and point of reference for a wide range of philosophers, economists and social theorists.
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accept action agent allocation alternative Amartya Sen Amish argue argument basic behaviour beliefs choose citizens claims conception consequences consequentialist consider constraints contractualism contractualist contrast criterion decision defined desires discussion distinction distribution distributive justice economists effects equal ethical evaluation ex-ante ex-post example expected utility fact feasible set formal freedom given goal happiness Harsanyi Hayek highest-order human implies important income individual interests interpersonal comparisons intuitionism issues judgements justice as fairness kind least liberal libertarianism liberty mathematical maximise moral persons nature normative notion objective one's optimal optimum options outcomes Pareto Pareto efficient Pareto optimality Pareto principle particular philosophical position possible primary principles of justice problem question rational Rawls recognise relevant rule rule-utilitarian sense situation social choice social utility social welfare function standard suppose things tion utilitarian theory utility functions welfare economics welfare economist well-being