## Vedic Mathematics for Schools, Volume 1Vedic Mathematics for School offers a fresh and easy approach to learning mathematics. The system was reconstructed from ancient Vedic sources by the late Bharati Krsna Tirthaji earlier this century and is based on a small collection of sutras. Each sutra briefly encapsulates a rule of mental working, a principle or guiding maxim. Through simple practice of these methods all may become adept and efficient at mathematics. Book I of the series is intended for primary schools in which many of the fundamental concepts of mathematics are introduced. It has been written from the classroom experience of teaching Vedic mathematics to eight and nine years-old. At this age a few of the Vedic methods are used, the rest being introduced at a later stage. |

### Contents

1 | |

Place value Patterns in number Addition and subtraction Multiplication | 8 |

What is multiplication? Complements Multiplication of single digit | 15 |

Simple division Division with remainders Naming the parts of a division | 25 |

Multiplication by Vertically and Crosswise 32 | 32 |

Subtraction by Nikhilam | 39 |

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### Common terms and phrases

Absolute answer digit answer odd base of 100 Bhagavad Gita Brihadaranyaka Upanishad cast out nines centimetres Chapter circle of nine creation Cross-subtract decimal fractions decimal point denominator digital root dividing a number Dividing by nine division sum divisor elephant equal signs Equivalent Fractions Find the cost Find the digital Find the number find the value five tenths Five thousand following numbers four hundred hundreds column hundredths Indian mathematics large number Mathematics for Schools method move the decimal Nikhilam division Nikhilam subtraction nine hundred nine numbers nought point number back number of digits number of noughts number the remainder numbers in words odd number ordinary number pairs of factors pounds prime numbers quarter quotient remainder stroke right-hand side Sanskrit six hundred sixteenths stands ten's column thirds three hundred twelfths units column Vedic mathematics Vertically and Crosswise vinculum digit back vinculum number Vulgar Fractions write answers write the base Write the following

### Popular passages

Page vii - ... ancient Indian tradition of mathematics. British teachers have prepared textbooks of Vedic Mathematics for British Schools. Vedic mathematics is thus a bridge across centuries, civilisations, linguistic barriers and national frontiers. Vedic mathematics is not only a sophisticated pedagogic and research tool but also an introduction to an ancient civilisation. It takes us back to many millennia of India's mathematical heritage. Rooted in the ancient Vedic sources which heralded the dawn of human...

Page vii - Schools in London and other British schools and that it takes its inspiration from the pioneering work of the late Bharati Krishna Tirthaji, a former Sankaracharya of Puri, who reconstructed a unique system on the basis of ancient Indian mathematics. The book is thus a bridge across centuries, civilisations, linguistic barriers and national frontiers. Vedic mathematics was traditionally taught through aphorisms or Sutras. A Sutra is a thread of knowledge, a theorem, a ground norm, a repository of...

Page vii - ... mathematics is not only a sophisticated pedagogic and research tool but also an introduction to an ancient civilisation. It takes us back to many millennia of India's mathematical heritage. Rooted in the ancient Vedic sources which heralded the dawn of human history and illumined by their erudite exegesis, India's intellectual, scientific and aesthetic vitality blossomed and triumphed not only in philosophy, physics, astronomy, ecology and performing arts but also in geometry, algebra and arithmetic....

Page 3 - Ten ones (or units) . . . make a Ten, Ten tens make a Hundred, Ten hundreds make a Thousand, Ten thousands .... make a Ten-thousand, Ten ten-thousands .... make a Hundred-thousand, Ten hundred-thousands . . make a Million, and so on.