## Vedic Mathematics for Schools, Volume 2Vedic Mathematics for Schools, Book 2 is intended as a first year textbook for senior schools or for children aiming for examination at 11+. It is based on the fundamental principles of Vedic mathematics which were reconstructed earlier this century by Sri Sankaracarya Bharati Krsna Tirthaji. Although the sutras may well be very ancient, practice and experience have shown that they are highly relevant and useful to the modern-day teaching of mathematics. They are entirely applicable to modern problems and even to modern approaches to mathematics. Topics covered include the four rules of number, fractions and decimals, simplifying and solving in algebra, perimeters and areas, ratio and proportion, percentages, averages, graphs, angles and basic geometrical constructions. The book contains step-by-step worked examples with explanatory notes together with over two hundred practice exercises. The material in this book is currently used at schools around the world assocaited with the Education Renaissance Trust. |

### Contents

5 | |

13 | |

Division 233 | 23 |

Subtraction by All from 9 and the last from 10 | 36 |

Prime and Composite Numbers | 43 |

Fractions | 51 |

Algebra | 61 |

Practice and Revision 1 | 75 |

Geometry 1 | 83 |

### Common terms and phrases

acres answer digit base brackets Casting out nines centimetres Chapter circle cutting cm 4 cm cm² column complement composite numbers coprime decimal fraction decimal point decimetre denominator devinculate diameter digital root divide dividend Divisibility rules divisor dodecahedron draw a circle Draw a straight draw an arc equal equation example Exercise Express Find the area find the average Find the cost four give golden rectangle hectometre highest common factor improper fraction km/h length litres lowest terms measure method metres miles millimetres mixed numbers Multiplication and Division multiply nine noughts number is divisible number of digits percentage perpendicular prime number Problems quantity radius and centre ratio rectangle remainder stroke right-hand Simplify speed square Straight division straight line sutra Transpose and Adjust triangle twice the penultimate Vedic mathematics Vertically and Crosswise vinculum vulgar fraction whole number Write

### Popular passages

Page v - ... ancient Indian tradition of mathematics. British teachers have prepared textbooks of Vedic Mathematics for British Schools. Vedic mathematics is thus a bridge across centuries, civilisations, linguistic barriers and national frontiers. Vedic mathematics is not only a sophisticated pedagogic and research tool but also an introduction to an ancient civilisation. It takes us back to many millennia of India's mathematical heritage. Rooted in the ancient Vedic sources which heralded the dawn of human...

Page v - Sankarcharya of Puri, who reconstructed a unique system on the basis of ancient Indian mathematics. The book is thus a bridge across centuries, civilisations, linguistic barriers and national frontiers. Vedic mathematics was traditionally taught through aphorisms or Sutras. A Sutra is a thread of knowledge, a theorem, a ground norm, a repository of proof. It is formulated as a proposition to encapsulate a rule or a principle. A single...